October 10, 2009

The 5-Star Movement's Programme

The 5-Star Movement: The Programme

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At the inauguration of the Five-Star Movement in Milan, I sketched out the Movement’s Programme in broad terms. In the coming months, there will be plenty of time to discuss it online and to improve and amend the programme accordingly.
It includes more than 120 points, all of which are utopian in nature and therefore feasible.
Download the complete programme

The programme points:

The State and its citizens

Beppe Grillo’s address at the “Smeraldo” theatre in Milan on 4 October 2009:

The State and its citizens
"One of the most important things that we must review is the relationship between the State and its citizens: if we don’t resolve this issue, then all of the others become meaningless. Immediate abolition of the Provinces: they are sucking the lifeblood out of the Regions and the Municipalities. Abolition of the Prefectures: the Prefect is the Prefecture and who the hell is the Prefect anyway? What does the Prefect do? Away with the Prefectures, restructure the embassies and restructure the consulates. Abolish the Alfano Bill, because if we don’t get rid of it now, we will never get them out of our hair! And for public representatives, they must learn the Constitution and pass a compulsory test.
- limit parliamentarians in and all public posts to two terms in office and get rid of all parliamentary privileges, including the right to a full pension after only two years of service!!
- prohibit parliamentarians from practicing another profession for the duration of their term! Bloody hell, there are certain people that work as actors , go on tour and then supposedly also work as parliamentarians! One thing at a time is enough!
- prohibit the holding of multiple posts: for example, mayor and deputy. Choose one or the other. Citizens with criminal records must not be eligible for public posts: go away, you can’t work as a school janitor and also be a parliamentarian! Parliament must be obliged to discuss popular law proposals: When a popular law is proposed, Parliament must be forced to discuss it and not simply shove it in some drawer and leave it there for years! Force them to discuss it! Proposed laws must be made public online at least three months before, so that the citizens know about them and have time to intervene, precisely as that miraculous Saint on Earth Obama does dammit! Obama is a product of the Web!
Excuse me folks, but this is the way I feel. I didn’t want to break into a sweat and get all pissed off! The Web, that thing which they know nothing about and that lands up taking them for a ride! Well, in Sweden, a bunch of youngsters just like you set up an association, a movement called “The Pirate movement, the Swedish Pirate Party” and now, two of its representatives have been voted onto the European Parliament! They were just taking them for a ride: well, the Web-based parties in Germany now hold 2% of the power, it all happened very suddenly, but this story of the pirates is truly fantastic because they only tackled one issue, a brainwave, namely the issue of copyright and said “no more copyright”. This is the gentleman that would have liked to be here with us, he sent me a video and he is now online. We will show you the video later, once we’re done with everything else. Copyright is what lies at the base of the kind of knowledge that should be freely available to everyone, free of charge. Our Creative Commons must do a turnaround. The copyright law must be reformed, it is not the Web that needs to be reformed on the basis of copyright. That is precisely what happened to me last week when I posted a video clip of Obama’s appearance on the David Letterman Show: Obama spoke for two minutes and sounded very much like me at age 20, when I still used to say some wonderful things! I don’t want to boast but at age 20 I was black, I swear, I was black! OK? He talks about the environment, about renewable energy sources, and because I am one of his biggest fans, I take that and I show the world what a true leader is telling the world. I post a two-minute clip of his talk on my blog and next minute a letter arrives at YouTube from the American CBS network, claiming that I violated Obama’s copyright, as if there was some or other sponsor or television network that holds the copyright on Obama! Obama is part of our world heritage and not something that belongs to a television network or sponsor, Obama belongs to the world! So what does the Italian branch of YouTube go and do since they all love us very dearly? Instead of simply saying “remove the clip that is subject to copyright”, no, like thieves in the night and thinking that I wouldn’t notice, they remove not just the film clips, but they close the entire account, in other words they removed all of the material that Beppe Grillo has posted over the past five years, simply swept away during the night until there was not a single one of our clips left! What you should know is that our video clips, my 168, Travaglio’s talks, the clips on the deaths in detention, all of the clips that we have ever made, have registered a total of 51 million hits, OK? 51 million hits. We are the second most watched on YouTube after RAI: yet they simply took us off overnight, all gone! So now what could we do? Do we post a link? This is the Web, I’m not the Web, you are: within five hours, 17,000 e-mails were received by the Letterman Show, heaven alone knows what Letterman thought was going on since he doesn’t even know me, “who the hell is this Grillo guy?” Well, YouTube reinstated all of the videos! If we weren’t so strong we would have been dead in the water!
All of the points in this programme are issues that we have discussed previously and that I took to Prodi at the time, remember? He used to fall asleep while I was telling him these things saying “no, no”, but they are all things that are subject to change and we will develop these points with your help. I know that you have thousands of ideas, indeed you have more ideas than I could ever have and what I’m saying is that we have to start somewhere. So let’s start somewhere and let’s discuss things.

Access to essential healthcare via a universal and free National Health Service. Separation of public sector and private sector doctors and don’t allow a doctor who works in a public hospital to also run a private practice. Allocate the 8/thousand voluntary donation to medical scientific research. Fund independent research by using the funding that is currently allocated to military research. Introduce the crime of “massacre” for illnesses and deaths suffered by citizens due to the actions of the public administrators in charge.

Energy. Provide incentives for decentralised electricity generation and expand the possibility of inputting any excess electricity generated into the national grid and of selling any excess electricity. Eliminate the incentives envisaged by the Cip6 levy for the burning of refuse. No more funding for the petroleum guys from our CIP6 levies on our utility bills, away with them! Instead, provide incentives for decentralised thermal energy generation from renewable sources. Provide incentives for the production of biogas via the anaerobic fermentation of organic waste. Provide incentives for the development of renewable energy sources, from wind power through to solar power and heat pumps. Fucking hell, in Switzerland they have 900,000 heat pumps, it’s not what you’re thinking, because these days we are being poisoned by so many things. These are probes that go down into the earth and draw out natural underground heat, which they then use to heat the people’s homes! 900,000 of them! We want a complete ban on the construction of nuclear power stations in Italy and the funding of power stations abroad, enough is enough!! Now way should Enel, using our money and notwithstanding the referendum that rejected nuclear power, be permitted to go out and purchase two 1970’s technology nuclear power stations in Slovakia with our money!! No longer must a man with a criminal record be permitted to head up a company with a 30% public shareholding. Mr. Scaroni is a convicted offender and we can no longer allow such things to happen. Enough is enough and it is the end of the road for such people! It’s over!!

Transport. Discourage the use of private vehicles and when I talk about disincentives and incentives, I’m taking about good and bad: we need to overhaul the entire tax system. We must tax those that deserve to be taxed and take the load off those that don’t deserve to be taxed, in other words we must eliminate the tax on labour and instead tax those that harm the environment.
Develop safe cycling lanes, real cycling lanes and not that shit that you have here in Milan, with bicycles that you can’t even get off the rack, and I tried! Call an immediate halt to the construction of the bridge across the Straits of Messina and the TAV (High Speed Train) in Val di Susa, no questions asked! Prohibit the construction of any new parking garages in urban areas, let’s stop these games, enough is enough! Develop commuter rail links, build new ones and upgrade existing ones. Total broadband coverage. Fucking hell, in Britain they have managed to get broadband coverage throughout the entire Country while we still have 3,000 municipal districts that don’t have ADSL! Then we must have a mobility plan for the disabled and we must encourage work from home.

Economy. Make provision for class action suits, and I mean real class action! What I mean by real class action suits is that when the country’s citizens are taken for a ride by a multinational company, they can institute a class action suit and hire attorneys to represent the group as a whole, just like in the United States! Over there they institute legal action involving claims amounting to hundreds of millions of Euro and, believe me, the companies are shit-scared of class action suits, man, are they ever scared of them! Here they have only been playing games in this regard! Abolish the Biagi Law and ensure representation for minority shareholders on the Boards of Directors of companies listed on the stock exchange. The minority shareholder, who is after all the true owner of the company, doesn’t count for bugger all because he/she is not represented on the Boards of Directors, which meet without the minority shareholder being there even though he/she is the true owner! Next to go must be the Managers’ stock options and the introduction of liability for banking institutions for the products they market, making them jointly liable for any potential losses incurred. If you palm a package off on me, some sort of shit, then the contract must clearly stipulate up front that you will reimburse me in the event of any losses! Bring all of our energy, connectivity, telephony, electricity and transport utility charges into line with those in other European Countries. Why is it that our Internet connection costs are double those applied in France and three times higher than those applied in Germany? Posting off a parcel via the Italian Postal Service costs double what it does via the French Postal Service, so if you buy something on the Internet, the postage costs you more that the item did in the first place!
Reduce the level of public debt: f… hell, this issue of the public debt! Do you understand how they run the economy? They print paper and then proceed to get into debt. You want to do something? Just go ahead and do it and never mind if the public debt increases by 18 billion Euro a month! Tremorti says “the banks haven’t taken up my Tremorti bonds”: F… hell, I wanted to let them have them at 8%. But if they are getting money at 0,5%, why the hell should they take up your bonds at 8%? The banks are not fools! They may be dishonest, but they are certainly not fools!
I’ve already mentioned the issue of bringing energy costs into line. Prohibit the appointment of convicted offenders, managers and shareholders and favour local production and support non-profit organisations because the non-profit market in Italy is worth 45 billion Euro, 45 billion Euro I tell you! What this means is that there are many of us, many, many of us! I want to mention an address delivered by someone, a man with an unpronounceable name that I’ve never quite been able to figure out who he is, who delivered a marvellous address and while he was talking about these movements that are being born around the world, and there are millions like us although no one knows precisely how many associations and movements there are that deal with the public economy and that are beginning to understand the economy cannot be isolated from environmental and ecological issues. There are thousands, indeed hundreds of thousands of associations, there are millions of us, we are the largest single group in the history of humanity, which goes ahead without a specific leader, there are no leaders as such. Our movements are extraordinary! Just look how many there are and while he was talking, out pop the names of these associations, and he says “look, I can carry on talking for two days, three days, four days or however long this screening continues", meaning that there are many others like us, people with similar views on the environment, on nature, on transport, on human rights, on civil rights and on politics! There are millions of us! ...(offline comment) I know, I know, you are Pascucci and for four years you fed my obsession with seignorage! At night I would hear a “beep”, I would go and look, only to find Pascucci, who would say “you bastard, you never discuss this”. I even did a show about seignorage. It is true that there is a legal black hole regarding the ownership of money. Money should belong to whoever accepts it and we are the ones that give money its value, but it is all a dream, nothing but a dream. They are right though, there is a legal black hole, however, if you get into that argument, there is no way that you can ever win. All that happens is that you fall into the black hole that is the global system. But we don’t want to start with the global system, we want to start with our current system, start from the bottom up with the Shakers. There are a few thousand shakers, for example those in Naples who exchange discounts between shopkeepers, who use less money starting from the bottom up, these are the kinds of battles that we can afford to fight.

Information. Digital citizenship from birth, free Internet access for every Italian citizen, this is essential! I couldn’t give a damn about an identity card. What I want from birth is free Internet access, access to knowledge must be free and unlimited, otherwise there can be neither liberty nor democracy! Eliminate the subsidies to the newspapers and no private individual should be allowed to have a majority shareholding in any national television channel. The shareholding should be widespread and limited to 10% for any individual. Abolish the law promulgated by the D’Alema government, which levied a 1% fee on the revenues earned by the television frequency concession holders, allowing Berlusconi to pay 1% for the use of something that belongs to us, earning hundreds of billion of Euro and giving us a 1% rental return on the concession that we granted him! Enough is enough! This is a law given to him by the left wing, which has spent 20 pretending to be the opposition while, instead, all they were doing was sharing out the spoils!
RAI. It’s not that I have anything against RAI, however, what I’m talking about is the good RAI that harks back to the days when it was served by people who were proper, gentlemanly and educated, namely the days of black and white television, when people still said “good evening and good day” and showed some respect. In black and white, they were saying “look, we are here in black and white while the world is in colour, we are totally different”. This was an important message and that is the RAI that I hark back to. What we have today is no longer RAI, but rather something that is absolutely squalid, so we have started a campaign to eliminate the annual RAI licence fee, not because I want to destroy RAI, I simply want to get rid of THIS RAI, which is no longer the RAI that I know! RAI must become a public television channel with no advertising, with no political party involvement and, above all, paid for by the viewers, just like the BBC and others. Well we started a campaign to inform people how to avoid paying the RAI licence fee, but since there is a legal system, these buggers will come up with something, they will invent some personal law, as these “mafiosi” always do to further their own interests, whereby this f… licence fee will probably be included in our electrical utility bills or, when you go shopping for apples, you will be told “I’m sorry but, you know, there is this licence fee”, but “bloody hell, on apples?” They will come up with something, but we will always stay one step ahead of them! I haven’t slept for the past four years you know. You reckon that you can see it, eh? The point is that there are already 220,000 of us individuals who will not be handing over our 105 Euro, making a total of around 24 million Euro that won’t be received by a channel that is currently in the hands of the political parties and Confindustria
Abolish the Gasparri Law. Prohibit the banks, public bodies and parastatal bodies from holding shares in publishing companies. We should not allow a situation where RCS Corriere della Sera, one of the country’s biggest groups, is owned by ten banks and fifteen insurance companies! Otherwise, how could a journalist ever be free to write an article on a particular bank for the Corriere della Sera when that very bank is none other than his controlling editor? Then they waffle on about freedom of information!
This next point is one that I included just for myself, “ad personam” you might say. This reminds me of someone else, but I went ahead and included it anyway. Decriminalise the offence of defamation and grant the person accused of defamation a certain sum in compensation should the complaint not be taken any further, with the complainant being obliged to lodge that certain sum with the court prior to lodging the complaint. Why should they be allowed to claim two million from me here in Genova? If they claim two million from me, then they should be obliged to lodge one million in security, to be donated to charity if they decide not to proceed with the case, so as to ensure that complaints are only laid when there is just cause and not simply in an attempt to intimidate someone!
Italians! Abolish the Pisanu Law, which essentially prohibits Wi – Fi. Anywhere else in the world, you simply go somewhere, log onto the Internet and you can work anywhere, even in the public gardens, while here instead, you are obliged to produce your identity card and to guarantee, in writing, that you are not a terrorist! Fuck off, please!

Education. Abolish the Gelmini Law. There are also.. no, it’s not a joke, there are also some things that are right, but before you touch our schools, you need to take a step back... Compulsory provision of Internet access for the students in our schools. This is not just another cliché and, if you don’t agree, then we can take note of the fact, for heavens sake, this is merely a starting point. Gradual abolition of printed school books in favour of free access to these books on the Internet. In my “Delirio” show I showed the viewers Kindle. Today Kindle is a folder, offered year by year, into which you can download 2,000 books, any texts that you desire. It is not a screen and it isn’t backlit, so all you need is a light and you can read it as you would a book. It can hold 2,000 books in a little gadget this size. With two little solar power cells you can load it up and have the knowledge at your fingertips whenever and wherever you like. Holy moly, now that’s what I call true freedom! Meanwhile, I’m forced to watch my nine year old son, Ciro, constantly having to walk around loaded down like a Sherpa, carrying around the same 20 crappy books that he carried around last year and what has changed? Only the titles?!
Compulsory English language education from nursery school level. At 61 years of age I am still trying like crazy to learn English and I just can’t! I just can’t carry on and then they ask me “how do you say “dente” in English? “Tooth”, a “dente” is a tooth, “and if one of your teeth hurts, where do you go?” To the “dentist”! I just can’t carry on like this! Yet I still remember the little rhymes they taught me in French at nursery school, like “ma mére que j’aime beaucoup, ...”. I don’t know what the hell it means, but I still remember it from when I was at nursery school! Abolish the legal value of the educational qualifications. You probably won’t agree with this, but it remains open for discussion. State funding must only be granted to public educational institutions! Students should evaluate the performance of their university lecturers. Italian language education to be provided free of charge to foreigners and must be one of the requirements for obtaining citizenship. Increased funding for research at the universities, Distance learning via the Internet. Integration of universities/companies".

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 10:43 AM in Citizen Primaries | Comments (4) | Comments in Italian (translated) | Write | Sign up | Send to a friend

October 02, 2009

Citizen Primaries 2.0: Eductaion

Beppe Grillo and the Schools

Well-educated individuals live longer, have medium to high incomes and are more difficult to hoodwink. Education doesn’t cut corners, has no short cuts and does not consist of dancing girls or escorts. Education is an investment in our own future that offers an extremely high return. A poorly educated nation without any researchers and without any well-qualified and competent teachers has no future. A Country can be defined as the sum total of the level of education of all of its citizens. The piece of paper should no longer simply have a legal value but also a substantive value, namely that of a professional educational qualification. In the United States, all around the Boston MIT, the most important Institute of technology in the entire world, there is a continuous growth in the number of successful enterprises established by former MIT students. Here in Italy, instead, our brilliant young minds either emigrate or land up making photocopies during the course of some or other unpaid internship. The Internet has to become a tool that is available to every teacher and lecturer in every school in the Country. While the Internet grants access to a wealth of digital knowledge, the rucksack full of books that have to be replaced every year is merely a business, a ransom for parents to pay and the source of scoliosis for the youngsters. Teachers must be assessed and paid (well) for their skills. We entrust our children’s education to these individuals yet they are paid less than a manual labourer. The 4th October 2009 will see the birth of a Movement of people, in which every individual will be valued and in which there will be no bosses with big sticks, no districts, no sections, no provincial or regional structures, no membership cards and no dictated policy. The Movement’s 7-point programme will also be put forward covering issues such as Energy, Health, Transport, the Economy, Information, Education and The State and its citizens. Today’s posting includes a proposal regarding the issue of Education, so that you can tell us what you think.

- abolition of the Gelmini Law
- compulsory introduction of Internet services in the schools, with access for the students
- gradual abolition of printed school books and their availability, free of charge, in digital form on the Internet
- compulsory English language education starting at nursery school level
- abolition of the legal value of educational qualifications
- Government resources to be allocated only to public education institutions
- assessment of university lecturers by the students
- free Italian language education for foreigners (compulsory if the individual wishes to apply for citizenship)
- free public access to university lectures via the Internet
- investment in university research projects
- distance learning via the Internet
- integration of Universities and Companies
- development of student accommodation structures

Previous topics: Energy, the State and its citizens , Information, the Economy, Transport, Health

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 06:56 PM in Citizen Primaries | Comments (3) | Comments in Italian (translated) | Write | Sign up | Send to a friend

October 01, 2009

Citizen Primaries 2.0: Health

Beppe Grillo and Health
The Regions are the Great Almoners of Health. They are exploding with health and with kickbacks as has been revealed by the investigations in Abruzzo. What’s the cost for the Italians of kick-backs on health? Most of the Regions’ spending goes on health. The cabinet member for health is the most important person in the Cabinet together with the President of the Region. Health is the new Eldorado for politicians and for the mafia. A river of public money. All under control and all uncontrolled in reality as has been demonstrated by the case of the Santa Rita clinic in Milan. Health means money in cash for politicians and for organised crime, a St Patrick’s Well. The new frontier for the assault on public money. “Sanitopoli”. {Health-gate} For a sick person, federal Italy is already a reality. If you live in the South or in the islands you almost always have to emigrate to the North to get treatment or you can die where you are.
On 4 October 2009, a Movement of People will be brought into being, in which every person will have a weight, without local Mafia bosses, “mandamenti”, sections, provincial structures, regional structures, cards, factions. The programme of the Movement will be presented under 7 headings: Energy, Health, Transport, Economy, Information, Education and the State and the citizens. Today I am publishing the proposal for “Health” to get your feedback.

Italy is one of the few countries with universal access to the public health system However, two facts are undermining the basis of universality and the homogeneousness of the National Health Service: devolution, that is entrusting the health service to the Regions and its financing and accentuates the differences across the territory, and private health that removes resources and talent from the public service. Furthermore, there’s a tendency to organise Health like a company and to give more emphasis to economic objectives rather than those for health and the quality of services.
Free treatment and equity of access
- guarantee universal free access to essential services of the National Health Service
- charge according to income for non-essential services
- monitor and correct the effects of devolution on the fairness of access to Health Services
- promote the use of generic drugs without limitations of patents, equivalent to those that are less costly than the branded products (that in Italy often cost more than they do abroad) and safer than newly approved products
- medical prescription for the active ingredients rather than the brand name of each product (as happens for example in Great Britain)
- ongoing Independent public education programme on the correct use of drugs, on the risks involved and the benefits
- cultural national health policies that promote healthy living and well-informed consumer choices to develop the self-management of health (operating on the risk factors and protection from illness) and simple home cures
-information about primary prevention (healthy nutrition, physical activity no smoking) and on the limits of secondary prevention (screening, early diagnosis, predictive medicine), redimensioning its reach as often it is responding to commercial logic
- system of measuring the quality of hospital interventions (success rates, mortality, volume of cases treated etc.) in the public domain
- prohibit financial incentives to representatives of drug companies on the sale of drugs
-have separate careers for public and private doctors. Don’t allow a doctor who works in public structures to work privately
- give incentives to doctors to remain in the public sector. Connect this to merit and fix maximum tariffs to what can be charged in private settings
- criteria of merit and transparency in promoting consultants
- waiting lists that are public and online
- use of single booking centres to be used online
- agreements with private structures to be made public and viewable online
- invest in family clinics
- limit the influence of health service directors of primary and secondary care facilities by bringing back the Boards of Directors
Fighting Pain
- bring Italy into line with the other countries of Europe and with the directives of the World Health Organisation (WHO) in the fight against pain. In particular for the use of opiates (morphine and similar products)
- possibility of choosing to devote the 8 per thousand income tax contribution to medical-scientific research
- independent financing of research by accessing money destined for military research
- promote and finance research on the effects on health, especially research connected to social inequalities and environmental pollution giving priority to independent researchers
- promote research into rare illnesses and finance any treatment that is needed abroad if there is no national provision
- in accordance with the WHO recommendations, bring in at Government, central and regional levels, a way of assessing the impact on health of public policies, and particularly for the sectors of transport, urban planning, the environment, and work and education
Public Administrators
- elimination of incinerators
- introduction of the crime of slaughter for perceptible and widespread damage caused by local and national policies that give rise to illness and death of the citizens in relation to the public administrators (Ministers, Presidents of the Regions, Mayors, Cabinet members )

Previous points: Energy, State and citizens, Information, Economy and Transport

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 09:57 PM in Citizen Primaries | Comments (0) | Comments in Italian (translated) | Write | Sign up | Send to a friend

September 30, 2009

Citizen Primaries 2.0: Transport

Beppe Grillo and transport
From a necessity, transport has to become a choice. An electric bus with 150 places is preferable to 150 cars in a queue. It doesn’t pollute and it gets there quicker. Working from home or from a specially equipped area near your own home is better than travelling fifty miles a day to get to the office. And it is possible today. It isn’t Utopia. With the Internet and by tele-working, it is possible to stay STILL for nearly all of the office jobs. By investing in public services and not in private traffic, it is possible today. It isn’t Utopia. Giving incentives to the motor car is anti-historical. A means of transport that is not safe, inefficient and costly. The car driver has the choice of having a crash straight away (estimate of 7,000 deaths in 2009) or dying of pollution from the CO2 a bit later. Transport needs rethinking. It cannot be a business in itself. Everything that can be produced locally must not be transported. The most modern form of transport was invented by our great grandfathers: it’s called a bicycle. All the urban centres of Italy have to be able to be driven in by bicycles, safely. Fast trains are not needed. Efficient trains on all the existing tracks are needed. To improve the lives of millions of commuters who are travelling like animals. The Messina Bridge and the TAV {fast train} in Val di Susa are Great Works of the past, like the Pyramids or the Coliseum. They are only useful for dilapidating public money. The only ones to get benefits from them are the constructors, the lobbies and the parties. Bicycle, non-polluting public transport, tele-working, efficient connections between different means of transport, local production. On 4 October 2009, a Movement of People will be brought into being, in which every person will have a weight, without local Mafia bosses, “mandamenti”, sections, provincial structures, regional structures, cards, factions. The programme of the Movement will be presented under 7 headings: Energy, Health, Transport, Economy, Information, Education and the State and the citizens. Today I am publishing the proposal for “Transport” to get your feedback.


- provide disincentives for the use of private motorized transport in urban areas
-develop a network of protected cycle tracks throughout the whole urban area and beyond
-set up spaces in the condominiums for parking bicycles
- set up spaces for parking bicycles in urban areas
- introduce a heavy tax for private cars with only one person inside, entering a historic centre
- strengthen public transport for collective use and public transport for individual use (car sharing) with electric motors fed through a network
- immediately block the Messina Bridge and the TAV in Val di Susa
-prohibit the construction of new car parks in urban areas
- develop rail tracks connected to commuter routes
- cover the whole country with Broadband
- give incentives for the companies that use tele-working
- provide a system of efficient connections between different forms of public transport
- provide incentives for “welcome” structures for offices at various points across the territory, all connected via Internet
- provide incentives for local markets with produce coming from the territory
- have lanes reserved for public transport in urban areas
- oblige towns to have a mobility plan for people with disabilities

Previous points: Energy, State and citizens, Information and Economy

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 09:47 AM in Citizen Primaries | Comments (1) | Comments in Italian (translated) | Write | Sign up | Send to a friend

September 27, 2009

Citizen primaries 2.0: Economy

Beppe Grillo and the economy
The social economy is still just a term that needs filling with content. The production of goods that destroy the environment is not an economy. Neither is an unequal distribution of goods. A CEO cannot earn one hundred or two hundred times the amount earned by an employee of the same company. If in nature nothing is created and nothing is destroyed, it should be like that for wealth. You can’t invent stuff like they did for the derivatives and the futures. The current crisis was not created by the labourers, by the workers, but by the multinationals out of control, by the banks, by the financiers, by the sharks of the Stock Exchange. They have to be under the protection of politics and politics cannot be the parlour maid of the banks and of an uncontrolled free market. Today the bankrupts and the politicians are arm-in-arm parading at Cernobbio every year to dine on prawns. We need to bring in concepts of social utility and social damage associated with production. Incentives for what is useful, disincentives for what is damaging. Local production and cooperatives must be given incentives. Companies that are “non-profit” that just in Italy number tens of thousands, must be supported.
On 4 October 2009, a Movement of People will be brought into being, in which every person will have a weight, without local Mafia bosses, “mandamenti”, sections, provincial structures, regional structures, cards, factions. The programme of the Movement will be presented under 7 headings: Energy, Health, Transport, Economy, Information, Education and the State and the citizens. Today I am publishing the proposal for “Economy” to get your feedback.

- introduction of “class action”
- abolition of the “Chinese boxes” in the Stock Exchange
- abolition of multiple positions by members of the Board of Directors on the Boards of companies quoted on the Stock Exchange
- introduction of structures of real representation for small shareholders in the companies quoted on the Stock Exchange
- abolition of the Biagi law
- prevent the dismantling of the food and manufacturing industries with a prevailing internal market
- forbid crossover in shareholding between the banking system and the industrial system
- introduction of the responsibility of the financial institutions on the products they propose, with a share in any losses that may occur
- prevention of a Board Member from holding any other position in that company if that person has been found responsible for serious crimes
- prevention of the “acquisition mainly using debts” of a company (example: Telecom Italia)
- introduction of a maximum limit for the salaries of the management of companies quoted on the Stock Exchange and of companies in which the State has an important or a majority share.
- abolition of stock options
- abolition of de facto monopolies, and in particular, Telecom Italia, Autostrade, ENI, ENEL, Mediaset, Ferrovie dello Stato
- alignment of prices charged for energy, connectivity, telephony, electricity, transport to other European countries, with prices in other European countries
- reduction of the public debt with massive intervention on the costs of the State by cutting waste and with the introduction of new technologies to give citizens access to information and services without the need for intermediaries
- forbid the appointment of convicts at a definitive level (example: Scaroni in Eni) as administrators in companies that have the State as a shareholder or that are quoted on the Stock Exchange
- give incentives for local production
- support “not for profit” companies
- provide guaranteed unemployment benefit
- provide disincentives to companies that cause damage to society (example: the distribution of water in bottles)

Previous points: Energy, State and citizens and Information

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 10:30 PM in Citizen Primaries | Comments (5) | Comments in Italian (translated) | Write | Sign up | Send to a friend

September 12, 2009

Citizen Primaries 2.0 : Energy

Beppe Grillo on the "Madness" of nuclear power

On the eighth of January 2006 I wrote the following on the Blog: "Until today, it was our employees that held the primaries. Now the time has come for the employers to hold the primaries". For a number of months, the topics suggested by the world’s experts, namely Energy, Healthcare, Transportation, Economics and Information were discussed on the Web by thousands of different commentators. What emerged from all of this was a document that I personally took to Prodi. I explained while Valium fell asleep bit-by-bit. Then I too fell asleep. It was the eighth of June 2006. I understood one thing, namely that the political parties were dead, all of them, with no exceptions. What was born on that day was not Grillo the “politician” but Grillo the citizen wearing a helmet, who is involved in politics. Then came the V-Days, the gathering of signatures calling for a Clean Parliament and for the Freedom of Information. Then I understood something else, namely that the citizens have no voice and that referendums and popular laws are nothing more than a bad joke. Then followed the Five-Star Civic Lists, the Florence Declaration for Municipal Administration and the decision to establish the National Liberation Movement. The Movement’s election Programme will emerge from the Primaries 2.0’s thanks to your new contributions. The full programme will be posted on this blog on 4 October. Today we are going to look at the issue of Energy.

"If the provisions of Law 10/91 were to be applied strictly, we would use 14 litres of heating oil, or cubic metres of Methane per square metre of net floor area per year to heat our buildings. We are currently using more than this amount.
Since 2002, the German regulations, and more recently the regulations in force in Bolzano Province, set the maximum permissible consumption limits for heating environments at 7 litres of heating oil, or cubic metres of Methane per square metre of net floor area per year. That is less than half of the current Italian average consumption.
Using the labelling convention currently in use for domestic appliances, the level in Bolzano Province would correspond with Class C, while Class B would correspond to a consumption of not more than 5 litres of heating oil, or cubic metres of Methane, and Class A to a consumption of not more than 3 litres of heating oil, or cubic metres of Methane per square metre per year.
As regards the heating of environments, an energy policy aimed at reducing CO2 emissions, in part to avoid incurring any of the fines envisaged in the Kyoto Treaty for any non-compliant Country, must include the following:
- the immediate application of the regulations as envisaged in Law 10/91 and stipulated in European Union Directive 76/93 regarding the energy consumption certification of buildings;
- the establishment of Bolzano Province’s Class C as the maximum permissible consumption limit in order to obtain building permits both for new buildings and for the renovation of existing buildings;
- a reduction of at least 10 percent in the energy consumption of all public buildings over a period of five years, with monetary fines being imposed for non-compliance;
- Reduced rates on bank advances and regulatory simplifications on energy efficient renovation contracts using the esco (energy service company) method, in other words any renovations carried out at the renovator’s expense and recouped from the anticipated energy savings achieved over time;
- the establishment of regulations regarding consumption-based payment for heating energy in apartment buildings, as envisaged in European Union Directive 76/93, which has already been applied in other European Countries.
The average yield of Enel’s existing thermo-electric power stations is currently around 38%. The standard applicable to the construction of new generation combined cycle power stations is 55/60%.
The widespread co-generation of electricity and heat, where heat is used at the electricity generation facility and the electricity generated is delivered to users in other locations, allows up to 97% of the fuel’s energy potential to be exploited. The current levels of inefficiency and waste resulting from thermo-electric production are technologically, financially and morally unacceptable, both because of its devastating effects on the environment and because it speeds up the rate at which our fossil fuel resources are exhausted as more stocks are hoarded by the wealthy Countries to the detriment of the poorer Countries. As it is, denying essential resources to those who need them is an unacceptable practice, but if the resources then go to waste, it becomes totally inconceivable.
It is not necessary to build new power stations of any kind in order to increase the supply of electrical energy. The first thing to do is to increase efficiency and reduce waste at the existing power stations, while simultaneously increasing the efficiency with which the energy produced is utilised by appliances (light globes, electrical appliances, air conditioners and industrial machinery). Then, and only then, we may decide to build new electricity generation plants if demand continues to exceed supply.
When it comes to the production of electricity and heating energy, an energy policy aimed at reducing CO2 emissions while also increasing the supply must include the following:
- the upgrading of existing thermo-electric power stations while reducing their environmental impact;
- the provision of incentives for the widespread production of electricity by means of technologies that make the most efficient use of fossil fuels, such as the widespread co-generation of electricity and heating energy, beginning with the more energy guzzling buildings, such as hospitals, shopping malls, industries utilising processes that make use of heat energy, sports complexes, etc;
- the expansion of the possibility for micro-generation plants with a total generating capacity of less than 20 kW to sell and to feed excess electricity back to the power grid;
- the provision of incentives for the widespread production of electricity and the extension of the energy account regulations to include electricity from renewable sources and other micro-generation facilities, limiting this to the kW fed into the grid at peak times and excluding the kW fed into the grid during off-peak periods;
- the strict application of the regulations contemplated in the decrees relating to energy efficiency certificates and also taking into account the incentives for the production of electricity from the applicable renewable sources;
- the elimination of the incentives linked to the burning of refuse as included in the CIP6 arrangements and including this amongst the renewable sources without and technical-scientific foundation;
- the legalisation and encouragement of the production of biofuels, subject to the crops being grown for this purpose increasing the organic content of the soil;
- the encouragement of widespread production of heating energy from renewable sources, virgin biomass in particular, in small plants designed for self-sufficiency, including strict controls to ensure that the wood is obtained from differentiated refuse collection and excluding any incentives for long distance distribution of heating energy due to the inherent inefficiency and environmental impact;
- the provision of incentives to encourage the production of biogas obtained from the anaerobic fermentation of organic waste."

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 07:18 PM in Citizen Primaries | Comments (2) | Comments in Italian (translated) | Write | Sign up | Send to a friend

April 08, 2006

Citizen Primaries: Economy

strategie ING RID2.JPG

Comic strip by: Vilfred Moneta

Today I’m publishing proposals for the Citizen Primaries about the Economy. I’ll rewrite it again to include your suggestions.
I’ve run out of time for Blog confrontations with the Party Secretaries. Anyway, the results of the Citizen Primaries about Energy, Health, Information and the Economy will be put forward to the new President of the Council, if he wants to listen to us….

The long-term strategy (decades, centuries) must be for a healthy economy. It must allow for development and it must have rules that allow it to be put in place and controlled. The strategy and the rules are two avenues to be developed together.


Our economy is based on oil. But in time frames that must be shorter rather than longer, we will have to do without it. As well as renouncing the use of oil we also have to avoid wasting resources ever again, avoid doing mega engineering works, avoid transporting around the world goods that are available here, like water, food, jumpers and cooking utensils.
The economy should be sustainable and so should be based on renewables resources. Renewables should be encouraged by providing incentives so that they gain widespread use.
Those companies without an environmental impact should have a big reduction in taxes. This should be balanced by a similar increase for those companies that produce damage to the environment.


- Allow class actions
- Abolish the Chinese boxes in the Stock Exchange
- Abolish the possibility of a person being on more than one Board of Directors of those companies that are quoted on the Stock Exchange.
- Set up a system that really represents the small shareholders of the companies quoted on the Stock Exchange
- Abolish the Biagi Law {law about flexible employment}
- Avoid the dismantling of manufacturing and food production companies that have most of their market in Italy
- Forbid the cross over of shares between the banking system and the industrial system
- Give responsibility to financial institutions in relation to the products they propose so that they share in any losses that may be incurred.
Forbid any Members of the Board of Directors to hold any office within their company if they have been responsible for serious crimes (as has happened with the Banca Popolare Italiana, in which 2 Directors of Fiorani’s Board were members of the new Board: Castellotti e Olmo)
- Forbid the acquisition of a company by incurring big debts (as has happened with Telecom Italia)
- Impose a top limit for the salaries of the management of those companies quoted on the Stock Exchange and of those companies that have the State as an important or major stakeholder.
- Abolition of the monopolies, in particular Telecom Italia, Autostrade, Eni, Enel, Ferrovie dello Stato {State Railway}
- Adjustment of the prices for energy, connectivity, telephones, electricity and transport in line with those in other European countries
- Reduction of the public debt with major action to deal with the costs of the State. This is to have a 2-fold approach: cut waste and use new technology to allow citizens to have access to information and services without needing to use intermediaries.
- Increase the scope of the Regulatory Authorities. Change their top managers. Insert clear and transparent rules for the citizens about competition. For any companies that are actually found guilty, ensure that the motivation for the guilty verdict is published in the principal media (newspapers, radio, TV)
- For those companies that refer to the State or are quoted on the Stock Exchange, forbid the nomination of anyone who has been convicted (example: Scaroni – appointed to Eni)

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 10:10 PM in Citizen Primaries | Comments (9) | Comments in Italian (translated) | Write | Sign up | Send to a friend | TrackBack (0)

April 04, 2006

Citizen Primaries: Information


Up until now the Primaries have been organised by our employees.
The time has come for them to be done by the employers.
The Citizen Primaries posts will be on the right hand strip under the heading “Citizen Primaries” together with your comments up until the elections.
I invite the Party representatives to send to this Blog their point of view on different aspects dealt with, so that they can be published.

Proposals for information

Today I’m listing a series of proposals about information. The list will be completed with ideas that you send in, just as I’ve done on the topics of health and energy.
Information is a fundamental necessity in a democracy and also for the survival of individuals. If the control of information is concentrated in the hands of a few people, there will automatically be antidemocratic happenings. If information is referred to economic units and not to the citizens, the interests of multinationals and of powerful economic groups will gain over the interests of the individual. Information is thus fundamental to any other social area: energy, the economy, education, and health.
Citizen with no information or with bad information are not in a good position to make decisions. They can take on a role as consumer or voter who is passive and is excluded from the choices that affect them.

My proposals are:

- digital citizenship by birth: free access to the Internet for every Italian citizen
- elimination of public financing of newspapers
- no national TV channel to have majority ownership by any private person or organisation. Shareholdings must be widespread with no one allowed to own more than a 2% share.
- no national daily newspaper to have majority ownership by any private person or organisation. Shareholdings must be widespread with no one allowed to own more than a 2% share.
- sale of 2 public TV channels to a widespread collection of shareholders, with no one allowed to own more than a 2% share
- a single public TV channel, without advertising, that is informative and cultural and independent of political parties
- abolition of the Gasparri law
- Complete national coverage of Broadband
- nationalisation of the telephone infrastructure to be bought back at cost price by Telecom Italia and the commitment by the State to supply the same services at prices that compete with all other telephone operators.
- introduction of Wimax nodes for mobile access and widespread Internet access.
- elimination of line rental for landline telephones
- immediate alignment of connection tariffs and telephone tariffs with European ones.
- a top limit of 5% nationally for companies selling publicity owned by a single economic entity.
- reduction of the time period for Intellectual Property Rights to 20 years
- abolition of the Urbani law on copyright
- abolition of digital terrestrial TV and restitution of the investments made by the State to the private entities involved.

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 08:22 PM in Citizen Primaries | Comments (23) | Comments in Italian (translated) | Write | Sign up | Send to a friend | TrackBack (0)

March 16, 2006

Citizen Primaries: Health. Marco Cappato

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Marco Cappato, secretary of the Association Luca Coscioni(*), in the name of Rosa nel Pugno has sent me this letter for Citizen Primaries: Health.

"Dear Grillo,

I believe that in the case of health, for every discussion about efficiency and organisation we need to precede this with the objective of having more freedom and autonomy. It was the battle of Luca Coscioni and as I am the secretary of the association that bears his name that is “for the freedom of scientific research”, I want to tell you about the objectives of some of the most important Italian scientists and a few things about Rosa nel Pugno:

- with strict rules and limits following the model used in Great Britain , allow scientific research on embryonic stem cells with the aim of understanding and finding a cure for illnesses that afflict hundreds of millions of people in the world:

- allow access to artificial reproductive techniques and to the diagnosis before implantation for couples affected by genetic illnesses as well as artificial insemination with an embryo that is external to the couple,

- guarantee therapeutic freedom, entrusted to the relationship between the doctor and the patient, in the effective delivery of drugs that are amply tested and authorised for use in all civilised countries, but made difficult (and in some cases prohibited) in our country, such as: the abortifacient RU486, therapeutic cannabis, pharmacological treatments for people who are dependent on drugs and opiates for the treatment of pain.

- allow autonomy and individual responsibility in choices relating to the end of life, above all to put a stop to the phenomenon of clandestine euthanasia. Respect the will of the individual expressed freely and unequivocally, even through the recognition of a living will giving directions about treatment and ways of regulating euthanasia on the models developed in the Netherlands, in Belgium, and in Switzerland or according to the approach being taken by the British Parliament [….] The first to sign are  Elena Cattaneo, Gilberto Corbellini, Giulio Cossu, Elisabetta Dejana, Cesare Galli, Piergiorgio Strata, Antonino Forabosco, Demetrio Neri. These signatures are followed by those of 130 academics.

To these objectives I would like to add three campaigns promoted and sustained by Luca Coscioni:

- “freedom of speech”: investments and initiatives in accordance with regulations to make freely available equipment and technologies that help people with disabilities in communication, as well as in gaining access to and in producing information;

- “freedom to read”: guarantee the availability of books in digital versions for people who have disabilities and who are blind;

- “independent life”: strengthen the freedom of choice based on real need for people who are disabled or are ill and not on bureaucratic needs of the organisations providing the services, thus favouring a gradual de-medicalisation of the services so that they can be funded by insurance or bonus funds.

As a final point, I can definitely agree with the objective of promoting a health policy based on information. In all industrialised countries there has been a sharp increase in the amount of money spent on health, but with modest gains in terms of health improvement. Health expenditure varies between 7% and 15% of GDP (thus there’s 100% variation) without visible changes in terms of health in terms of life expectancy or mortality.

In this respect it is useful to remember that:

positive influences on health do not depend on health providers (hospitals, pharmacies etc.…) but also and above all on other factors (life style, economic conditions, environment, genetic makeup…); A famous model (Dever, at the end of the 1970’s) reckoned that the balance in the health system was worth 11% with respect to other factors!

Many studies have evidenced the distorted use of the part played by the health system; a famous study (Domenighetti, Canton Ticino) showed that doctors chose surgical interventions for themselves or their family members for half the times that they suggested these operations for their patients (unless the patients were lawyers and then they had the same frequency as the doctors!). Other studies showed that obtaining a second medical opinion led to a different therapeutic route in about half the cases.

All this leads many to believe that the true deficit is not in expenditure, but in the information that is available to the population. Up until now, information has been exclusively in the hands of the providers (doctors, professional and Trades Union bodies) who have sought the interests of the health system more than they have worked for the health of the people. Only recently, for example, are we seeing a discussion of the issues around health risks, that is damage and deaths due to errors of doctors or the health system. Certain studies suggest that in Italy there are between 15 thousand and 50 thousand deaths due to medical errors; and that hospital infections cause 7000 deaths a year (deaths from road traffic accidents are “only” 5000 a year).

Thank you for giving me this opportunity.”

Marco Cappato - www.rosanelpugno.it

(*) The Association Coscioni is together with Radicali italiani, the SDI and the FGS, one of the bodies making up the Rosa nel Pugno

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 02:06 PM in Citizen Primaries | Comments (5) | Comments in Italian (translated) | Write | Sign up | Send to a friend | TrackBack (0)

March 06, 2006

Citizen Primaries: Health. Antonio Di Pietro


The proposals about Health for the Citizen primaries have had many contributions both on this Blog and on the site www.partecipasalute.it.

In the next few days I will publish the final document about health with all the comments integrated into it.
Antonio Di Pietro has been the only one to reply to the proposals on health and I am publishing his letter.
The next appointment for Citizen primaries is for the topic: Information.

"Dear Beppe,

I'm responding to your proposals about health.

Free access to the National Health Service. My aim and that of Italia dei Valori is the abolition of every form of direct contribution (in Italian referred to as a “ticket”) on the part of the citizens. This is the final result to be achieved but it’s clear that we need to balance this with the current empty coffers of the State. Thus I don’t know whether it will be possible to find the resources to make this a reality straight away, but it’s certain that in the mean time we’ll have to have some sort of contribution from the citizens based on their ability to pay.

Promotion of the use of generic drugs, prohibition on economic incentives on sales for “scientific” sales personnel and strengthening of checks aimed at preventing every possible form of corruption in the field of medicines: I am absolutely in agreement with this. In the field of health, the volume of business and interests has reached the heights of the stratosphere, it is thus obligatory to be vigilant in relation to the pharmaceutical lobbies.

Separate the careers of public doctors from private doctors. This question is not so easy to solve. The previous centre-left Government tried to tackle this problem by getting an intermediate solution: the regulation of private professional  activity within public structures.

And it is only in this way that the best professionals can continue to operate within public structures, thus available to all and not simply to the exclusive private clinics, which can be accessed by only a few. As well as this, with this system, the State can receive money from the private activity of the doctor.

Whatever a professional does whether a lawyer, or a doctor, should not matter to the State. But it’s certain that we must make sure that public and private activities do not come into conflict and that funds destined to public structures are not channelled into private activities. To understand the atrocious abuses that we are finding in this sector, it’s enough to watch Bianchi and  Nerazzini the documentary  film by Bianchi and  Nerazzini called “La mafia é bianca”(“The Mafia is White”) about the situation of the health service in Sicily.

Do systematic evaluation of waiting lists and make the results known to everyone on-line. We agree absolutely with this proposal. The technicalities for making it happen will have to be defined, but this problem has been adopted explicitly in the programme of the Unione, which talks of: “scandal of the two speed health system […] is one of the most odious” and of the current national health system where “today a person who is ill is not allowed to choose between the public and the private system, but is obliged (and I’m adding – “if they can afford it!”) to pay for the service privately […], because of the really long time delays associated with the waiting lists.

fight against pain I’m in complete agreement about the need, a need that can no longer be put off, to provide for all the necessary measures that will remove the bureaucratic and administrative obstacles preventing the use of those substances that are needed for pain control therapies. Unfortunately, our country is once more suffering from a cultural delay , bound up with a catholic tradition that has now been overcome which has conditioned the attitude of doctors with respect to the suffering of patients.
Every department, and especially those for children, should, I believe, have a doctor with exclusive  responsibility for pain therapy taking into account the quality of life of the patients, as happens in other European countries.

Put in place a national health policy that is cultural, support to research regarding the effects on health of social inequalities and environmental pollution, the evaluation of the impact on health of public policies, like the monitoring of the perverse effects of “devolution” on the fairness and the regional differences: all points which are tied up together and are basically contained in the programme of the Unione.

In fact, Italia dei Valori, together with the other parties of the centre left, has explicit proposals for promoting the objective of “evaluating the impact on health” and is using this as the starting point for a coherent set of policies concerning the political economy at national and European levels.”

Thank you for the hospitality!”

Antonio Di Pietro, president of Italia dei Valori www.antoniodipietro.it

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 10:33 PM in Citizen Primaries | Comments (5) | Comments in Italian (translated) | Write | Sign up | Send to a friend | TrackBack (0)

February 16, 2006

Citizen primaries: Health

Up until now it's been our employees who have done Primaries.
Now's the moment that the primaries are done by the employers.
Today I'm publishing a draft of proposals about Health for which I'd like to thank Partecipasalute. The final version will include your comments.

The posts will be visible in the right hand section under the title “Citizen Primaries”. Your comments and the posts will be there until the elections.
I’d also like to invite Party representatives to send their point of view on the various topics dealt with, to this Blog to have it published.

Proposals regarding Health

Guaranteeing free access to the National health Service.

Promote the use of generic drugs that have no patent, as these are generally safer and cheaper than the “branded” drugs.

Prohibit economic incentives on volumes sold to “scientific” sales personnel. Attack corrupt doctors and bring in new laws to do this if necessary.

Separate the careers of public doctors from private doctors. Don’t allow a doctor who is working in a hospital to work privately as well.

Do systematic evaluation of waiting lists and make the results known to everyone on-line

Ensure that Italy is in line with the other European countries and is following World Health Organisation (WHO) guidelines concerning the fight against pain. In particular eliminate cultural and bureaucratic obstacles to the use of pain-killers (morphine and others).

Put in place a national health policy that is cultural and is based on information and social communication, that aims to promote consumer choice based on knowledge and adequate provision and developing self-management of one’s own health (taking into account risk factors and protection) and simple self-medication.

Promote and finance research into the effects on health of social inequalities and environmental pollution giving priority to “pure” researchers.

Based on the recommendations of the WHO, establish at national and regional level health impact assessments of public policies in particular for the sectors of transport, town planning, the environment, work and education.

Monitor the effects of “devolution” on equality of access to services and adapt the investments for structures, technologies and research into regional inequalities to guarantee an adequate level of service.

PS The next topics for Citizen Primaries will be the economy and information.
PPS Let your mouse run over the picture of me.

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 11:35 AM in Citizen Primaries | Comments (3) | Comments in Italian (translated) | Write | Sign up | Send to a friend | TrackBack (0)

February 13, 2006

Citizen Primaries: Energy. Marco Pannella

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Marco Pannella has sent me this letter about the Citizen Primaries on Energy. In fact it is dedicated to the excessive birth rate and to the consequent dangers for our future.

It’s obvious that we are of two different types. If it were up to him we’d all be extinct by now, if everyone was like me with 6 children, there’d be 25 thousand million of us……

Dear Grillo,

You know how close they are to my heart the inspirations, objectives, urgencies that you propose and that your ideas are moving consciences, starting debates and finding consensus; starting from renewable sources and stretching to the reduction of waste, to get benefit from the mountains of rubbish that submerge and pollute the world, to the promotion and protection of independent producers. Please excuse me with all the commitments that have been keeping me totally busy that I haven’t yet found the time to write to you about your document on energy resources.

However not all that is bad actually causes harm, the document is useful, valuable, but I’d say it’s also “other”.

Beppe, “how much, what and how we consume and produce” is the problem that thanks to your help we can now try to face up to so that we can fill in the gaps that have been the result of decades of disastrous energy policies, where petrol has been the fuel corrupting Parties and the State, the fuel causing the creation of and the support to bloody dictatorships. But at the origin of all this, we need to ask ourselves who this is for and who owns this? To sum up “How many are we?” “Energy” for whom? For how many? For 3, 6, 9 and so on thousands of millions of “people” of consumers?

If Chinese Nazi Communism had not established for generations to prevent (like Nazis) the rise in birth rate, using the force of the State to exterminate foetuses and newborn infants, and “guilty” parents, what point would we already be at?

If we don’t immediately take the road of a “gentle return” of the planet’s population from more or less  6 thousand million people to half that over a period of about 4 or 5 generations, of a century, we will continue to be overcome by the birth-rate tsunami that has seen over the last few decades allies like fundamentalists clerics, with the Vatican in the lead, as well as the Soviet Imperial power and fascists, nazis, totalitarians of every type, who have imposed and continue to do so the procreation of humanity, to multiply like beasts, irresponsibly thus condemning hundreds of children to die of hunger, suffer privations, wars…

Summing up, a vigorous, immediate demographic policy of “gentle return” seems to me to be co-essential to bring about energy saving policies and investments in renewable sources for the future of our country as presented in the document on energy resources.

I repeat: fascism, nazism, Stalinist communism, Vatican fundamentalisms, Talebans, and those nationalists and racists have once more suggested these days maddening birth rate policies.

Today, we have in Italy electoral programmes, and Party conferences are reciting a common dogma: “defence of the family”. And for “family” they mean continuous reproduction, intensified, with incentives provided by the State, with millions of  tips to every newborn, allowances and tax breaks for families with many children. Is there no voice raised against, apart from the usual Radicals? The Rose in the fist? The daisy and the UDC, Mastella and the League are dragging the powerful people the F.I. even on their knees are the D.S., the Greens and the “distracted” Communists.

The family? Which? What social rights, “ethics” politicians for their “constituents”, women and men of every latitude, colour, opinion, religion? Beppe, even you are of an age to remember – there are still lots of us – but we are about to be overcome if the “others”, the “young” don’t know: “God, Patria, Family”. The “bomb” is not the “nuclear” one, unless in terms of risk and of danger. It is the “demographic bomb” it will explode in more than a century and in its path it will destroy everything: nature, humanity, planet, it is infecting our world and its surroundings.

Shall we send out this SOS, this MayDay? I’ve been  ready for some time to lend a hand and do more than that. From the time of the Club of Rome, when we proposed having Aurelio Peccei (and who’s he?) as Presidente del Consiglio…

But what a disaster that tribe of sex-phobics, of absolutists, of desperate people, of blasphemers, of those accumulators of gold and powers, of impotents and over-powerful, disembarked, once more, from one side of the River Tiber to the other, and what desperation of the powerful, over-powerful and impotent who are here, who opened the big and little doors of the Palace for them and their stories and their consciences!

Marco Pannella

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 09:13 PM in Citizen Primaries | Comments (11) | Comments in Italian (translated) | Write | Sign up | Send to a friend | TrackBack (0)

January 28, 2006

Citizens Primaries: Energy – Your comments

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Today I’m doing a summary of your many comments on the topic of Energy as part of the Citizen Primaries initiative.

Many thanks to Pecoraro Scanio, Di Pietro and Bertinotti for having expressed their position. In your comments you repeated many times that there is a need to develop renewable sources and to adopt incentives to make this happen.

For example with certificates of energy efficiency, giving fines to those who sell energy without reducing CO2 emissions over a period of years.
I have collected together your suggestions according to topics (some referred to the same problem) and I’ve put them into this initial document.
>This document is attached.

PS. Tomorrow there’ll be a demonstration at Latina against the privatisation of water by the company Acqualatina spa. Hey, let’s participate! All the details are on: http://acqualatinanograzie.splinder.com

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 03:51 AM in Citizen Primaries | Comments (1) | Comments in Italian (translated) | Write | Sign up | Send to a friend | TrackBack (0)

January 15, 2006

Citizen Primaries: Energy - Fausto Bertinotti

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The Citizen Primaries that I’ve started on this Blog have received more support from another Political Party. Talking about Energy, here’s Fausto Bertinotti, secretary of Rifondazione Comunista.

Dear Beppe,

Allow me to thank you publicly for the initiatives that over the years you have promoted and thank you for the interest that you have created among the citizens.
Let me say that you remind each one of us to think of every day problems and the associated contradictions.
And you give us concrete proposals, about concrete topics that we need to give immediate and certain responses to so that we can involve all of us.

As regards us in the Rifondazione Comunista Party, a left-wing force dedicated to the search for “another possible world” we note that you give support to an innovative idea which is gaining ground in society: that of the participation and democratic and popular involvement in the decisions that are important for everyone’s life, politics, the economy and the day to day things of life.

You are talking about Citizen Primaries and I’m saying that this is a route for giving a sign of great discontinuity with the past, the route for giving a voice to every woman and man, the route for a real change of direction to the widest possible sharing and democratic participation.
We have always been in favour, and we always will be in favour of every form, the widest possible of participatory democracy.

And turning to Energy. From the pages of your site, dear Beppe, you propose detailed points in your programme that can be shared, but you also have elements that are of strong discontinuity that we have long been waiting for with respect to the policies of the past. And this, in my opinion, is one of the elements that is most characteristic of the proposals of Rifondazione Comunista both with regards to energy and in regards to other topics as well.

For this reason, your proposals should be supported and encouraged. Without going on much longer, I’d like to draw the attention of any reader to clean energy, saving energy, protection and respect for the territory, quality of life of women and men, efficient public transport, non-polluting and at the service of all women and all men.
We also believe like you, that it is possible to have another development model and another model of life.

I’m certain that together we will commit to supporting and giving strength to these projects, I send you my most cordial greetings”

Fausto Bertinotti

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 01:48 AM in Citizen Primaries | Comments (3) | Comments in Italian (translated) | Write | Sign up | Send to a friend | TrackBack (0)

January 14, 2006

Citizen Primaries: Energy - Antonio Di Pietro

antonio di pietro.jpg

The Citizen Primaries that I’ve started on this Blog have received more support from another Political Party. Talking about Energy, here’s Antonio Di Pietro, President of Italia dei Valori.

“Dear Beppe,

Having read your Blog I’ve had a think and decided that it’ll be a pleasure to support your “Citizen Primaries” initiative. I’m confirming the support of Italia dei Valori and I’m also sending you a brief contribution explaining our position regarding alternative energy sources and the energy question. I think that this topic should be at the top of the political agenda.

Energy is needed to live and for economic development, both in Italy and in the whole world. To a great extent, it is the solution to many of the problems troubling third world countries. Electrical energy in fact means fridges where we can keep pharmaceuticals (one of the main health needs in Africa) electrical pumps to extract and purify water, generators to facilitate the activities in hospitals and so on.

We know there’s the demand, but how are we going to produce it? Using coal? Methane? Nuclear? And then how are we going to protect the environment from the resulting pollution?
Up till now we have seen a definite tension between energy and the environment, almost a duel to the death: the means of producing energy are destroying the environment. The over-protection of the environment is hindering the solution to vital problems for millions of human lives.

Recently, however, fortunately, science and conscience are offering us different solutions.
In fact, what we need to do is to focus on renewable sources, like photovoltaic cells, solar energy, thermodynamics, wind power, biomass, micro hydroelectric generation, energy coming from the tides and the movement of the sea, while keeping in mind also the “old renewables” such as “big hydroelectric” projects and geothermal sources (Italy is particularly well endowed here).

Renewable sources in the future will be not only a great environmental resource, but also a great economic resource when the oil production starts to slacken off as resources are exhausted, since we can only pump so much oil from the earth’s layers (according to the USA’s Department of Energy, this will happen soon).

For the moment, it will be necessary to turn attention and investment towards the use of cogeneration of electricity and heat, as well as to electricity generating stations using natural gas (methane) that will give a better return.
It will also be necessary to focus maximum attention on a hydrogen-based economy.
In fact if hydrogen is generated from renewable resources, this could solve many future problems: from “stock-piling” of the renewable resources (so avoiding shortages or at particular moments) to transport which could use electric motors and hybrid engines and thus reduce dangerous polluting emissions.

In this light, even basic research is important, especially in the area of applied nanotechnology, for example renewable resources, mainly photovoltaics which makes use of the a resource in which Italy is rich: the sun.

Thus the Government programme must contain clear investments in this direction.
These new applied technologies will have to move the various sophisticated levers of the economy, producing many new jobs and thus income and at the same time saving the planet from the environmental catastrophe and from the inevitable termination of the limited natural resources.
Only in this way, with patience and tenacity, can we transform the environmental dead-end into a true development opportunity.

Antonio Di Pietro - dipietro@antoniodipietro.it

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 01:24 AM in Citizen Primaries | Comments (4) | Comments in Italian (translated) | Write | Sign up | Send to a friend

January 11, 2006

Citizen Primaries: Energy. Pecoraro Scanio.

pecoraro scanio.jpg

The Citizen Primaries initiative of this Blog have received their first expression of support from a Party Secretary. Here's the opinion of Alfonso Pecorario Scanio of the Verdi (Green Party) on the Energy proposals

"Dear Beppe,

Having discussed this with the National Executive, I’m writing to tell you that the Verdi are formally supporting the Citizen Primaries initiative and your proposals concerning energy which anyway, coincide perfectly with our ideas and our programme. We commit to get the Union to accept these ideas and to get them into the Government programme to the greatest extent  possible. Il Sole che Ride {The Laughing Sun} is already committed, in all the local and regional authorities where it is present, to develop incentives for saving and improving the efficiency of energy use, to develop safe sources that are clean and renewable and for having sustainable mobility. These have always been our priorities.”

Alfonso Pecoraro Scanio, President of the Verdi

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 07:00 PM in Citizen Primaries | Comments (8) | Comments in Italian (translated) | Write | Sign up | Send to a friend | TrackBack (0)

January 09, 2006

Citizen Primaries: Energy


Up till now it's been our employees who've done Primaries.

Now's the time for the employers to do Primaries.

From today I'll be publishing proposals about important issues like Energy, Transport, Electoral Regulations and I'll be assisted by recognised experts in the field, so that I can receive your comments.

The posts will be visible on the right hand strip under the title: "Citizen Primaries" together with your comments right up to the time of the elections.

I’m also inviting representatives of the Political Parties to send their views on the different points dealt with, to this Blog for publication.

Proposals for Energy

The efficiency with which we use energy in this country is really low.
At least half the energy consumption is wasted and this can be avoided by using technologies that are economically mature. By reducing the waste of energy and increasing the efficiency of energy use, not only will we have the maximum possible reduction of CO2 emissions for the same investment, but we reduce the imports of fossil fuels and the savings allow us to pay for investments without having to get public financing.

The increase in efficiency and the reduction of waste are pre-requisites for the development of renewable sources, which currently cost more and produce less than fossil fuels. Only if we reduce waste and improve efficiency will their contribution to energy needs be significant and the capital needed to cover the costs can be recovered.

Consumption of imported fossil fuels is divided into three roughly equal areas:

- ambient heating
- thermo-electric production
- transport

If the law 10/91 were rigorously applied, to heat our buildings we would consume 14 litres of oil (or cubic metres of methane) for each square metre of floor space each year. But in fact we consume more.

From 2002, German law and a more recent regulation in force in the Province of Bolzano, fixi 7 litres of oil, or cubic metres of methane for each square metre of floor space each year as the maximum allowed consumption for ambient heating. This is less than half of the average Italian consumption.

Using the labelling system set up for white goods, in the Province of Bolzano, this level corresponds to Class C, while Class B corresponds to consumption not exceeding 5 litres of oil, or cubic metres of methane and Class A to not more than 3 litres of oil, or cubic metres of methane for each square metre of floor space each year.

For ambient heating, energy policy designed to reduce CO2 emissions which will also avoid economic sanctions under the Kyoto agreement for those countries which do not meet the requirements, should be articulated as follows:

- immediate application of the regulations, already set out in the 10/91 law and outlined in the European Directive 76/93 about the energy certification of buildings

- Class C definition set out by Bolzano Province set as the maximum consumption level for the granting of a building license for new constructions, and for the restructuring of existing buildings

- reduction by at least 10 per cent in five years of energy consumption of the buildings occupied by public bodies, with financial penalties for non-compliance

- reasonable facilities on bank loans and simplification of the regulations regarding contracts for energy restructuring using the method called esco (energy service company), that is carried out at the expense of who does the work and repaid from the money saved by who uses the energy;

- working out regulations about paying for thermal energy consumption in condominiums, as set out in the European Directive 76/93, as already applied in other European countries.

The average yield of Enel’s {Enel is the Italian State Electricity company} thermoelectric generating stations is about 38%. The standard for the construction of the new generation of combined cycle plants is 55 to 60%

Distributed co-generation of electrical energy and of heat, with the use of heat at the point of production and the transportation to a distant place of the electrical energy allows for the use of the energy potential from combustibles to go up to 94%. The inefficiencies and the actual waste of thermoelectric production are not acceptable technologically, economically nor morally, for the following reasons: because of the devastating effects on the environment, because they accelerate the end of availability of fossil fuels, because it means that the richer countries corner the market leaving insufficient for poorer countries. From the start it is not acceptable to remove what is necessary from those who need it, but if it is then wasted, it is not conceivable.

To increase the supply of electrical energy it is not necessary to construct new power stations of any type. The first thing to do is to increase the efficiency and reduce the waste of existing power stations. At the same time we need to increase the efficiency of use of the energy produced (lamps, white goods, air conditioning, industrial machinery). After that, if the energy supply is still insufficient, we can consider constructing new electricity generating stations.

For the production of electrical energy, an energy policy aimed at reducing CO2 emissions while increasing the supply, must be articulated as follows:

Strengthening of existing power stations and reduction in the impact they have on the environment
Providing incentives for the distributed production of electrical energy with technologies that use fossil fuels more efficiently, like distributed co-generation of electrical energy and heat, starting with buildings that are high energy-consumers like hospitals, commercial centres, industries using heat technology, sports centres etc.

Extension of the possibility to return energy to the national grid and to sell electrical energy even from micro-generating plants producing less then 20 kW

Providing incentives for the distributed production of electrical energy with extensions to all renewable sources and to distributed micro-generation regulations for energy accounting, tied to the kilowatt-hours sent to the grid during peak hours and excluding any produced during off-peak hours.

Providing incentives for distributed production and on the spot consumption of thermal energy from renewable sources (excluding from incentives the distribution over a distance of heat because of the inefficiencies and environmental impact)

Rigorous application of regulations set down by decree about the certification of energy efficiency

Elimination of the incentives set out in CIP 6/1992 (Provvedimento del Comitato interministeriale prezzi) for the combustion of refuse since refuse was inserted without any techno-scientific basis, among renewable resources.

Providing incentives for the production of bio-combustibles while obliging agricultural production aimed at this to increase organic substances in the soil.

In the transport sector, interventions are needed at a technical level where incentives must develop more efficient and less-polluting means of transport as well as at an organisational level to favour the development of public transport and remove incentives for using private vehicles especially in highly congested urban areas.

In urban transport the pivotal point is the strengthening of collective use public transport and the introduction of individual–use public transport, with electric motors powered from a network and not by batteries.

A more interesting version of the traditional trolley bus imprudently abandoned in recent decades can be created by positioning networks of electrical cables underneath the road surface In this way it’s possible to provide power not only for collective public transport, but also for fleets of public automobiles for individual use with payment on consumption by using pre-paid electronic cards. The combined effect f these technical and organisational measures can make it feasible to place ever more rigorous limitations on private vehicle traffic and at the same time increasing the speed of movement and reconstructing the possibility to have the function of “door to door” which car drivers in urban areas have not seen for some time.

Starting from these preconditions, all these technological innovations aimed at reducing polluting emissions from cars start to have an effective utility in terms of reducing the consumption of fossil fuels and the impact on the environment. They can also increase the number of kilometres travelled per litre of fuel.

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 10:13 AM in Citizen Primaries | Comments (4) | Comments in Italian (translated) | Write | Sign up | Send to a friend | TrackBack (0)

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