Citizen Primaries: Energy


Up till now it's been our employees who've done Primaries.

Now's the time for the employers to do Primaries.

From today I'll be publishing proposals about important issues like Energy, Transport, Electoral Regulations and I'll be assisted by recognised experts in the field, so that I can receive your comments.

The posts will be visible on the right hand strip under the title: "Citizen Primaries" together with your comments right up to the time of the elections.

I’m also inviting representatives of the Political Parties to send their views on the different points dealt with, to this Blog for publication.

Proposals for Energy

The efficiency with which we use energy in this country is really low.
At least half the energy consumption is wasted and this can be avoided by using technologies that are economically mature. By reducing the waste of energy and increasing the efficiency of energy use, not only will we have the maximum possible reduction of CO2 emissions for the same investment, but we reduce the imports of fossil fuels and the savings allow us to pay for investments without having to get public financing.

The increase in efficiency and the reduction of waste are pre-requisites for the development of renewable sources, which currently cost more and produce less than fossil fuels. Only if we reduce waste and improve efficiency will their contribution to energy needs be significant and the capital needed to cover the costs can be recovered.

Consumption of imported fossil fuels is divided into three roughly equal areas:

- ambient heating
- thermo-electric production
- transport

If the law 10/91 were rigorously applied, to heat our buildings we would consume 14 litres of oil (or cubic metres of methane) for each square metre of floor space each year. But in fact we consume more.

From 2002, German law and a more recent regulation in force in the Province of Bolzano, fixi 7 litres of oil, or cubic metres of methane for each square metre of floor space each year as the maximum allowed consumption for ambient heating. This is less than half of the average Italian consumption.

Using the labelling system set up for white goods, in the Province of Bolzano, this level corresponds to Class C, while Class B corresponds to consumption not exceeding 5 litres of oil, or cubic metres of methane and Class A to not more than 3 litres of oil, or cubic metres of methane for each square metre of floor space each year.

For ambient heating, energy policy designed to reduce CO2 emissions which will also avoid economic sanctions under the Kyoto agreement for those countries which do not meet the requirements, should be articulated as follows:

- immediate application of the regulations, already set out in the 10/91 law and outlined in the European Directive 76/93 about the energy certification of buildings

- Class C definition set out by Bolzano Province set as the maximum consumption level for the granting of a building license for new constructions, and for the restructuring of existing buildings

- reduction by at least 10 per cent in five years of energy consumption of the buildings occupied by public bodies, with financial penalties for non-compliance

- reasonable facilities on bank loans and simplification of the regulations regarding contracts for energy restructuring using the method called esco (energy service company), that is carried out at the expense of who does the work and repaid from the money saved by who uses the energy;

- working out regulations about paying for thermal energy consumption in condominiums, as set out in the European Directive 76/93, as already applied in other European countries.

The average yield of Enel’s {Enel is the Italian State Electricity company} thermoelectric generating stations is about 38%. The standard for the construction of the new generation of combined cycle plants is 55 to 60%

Distributed co-generation of electrical energy and of heat, with the use of heat at the point of production and the transportation to a distant place of the electrical energy allows for the use of the energy potential from combustibles to go up to 94%. The inefficiencies and the actual waste of thermoelectric production are not acceptable technologically, economically nor morally, for the following reasons: because of the devastating effects on the environment, because they accelerate the end of availability of fossil fuels, because it means that the richer countries corner the market leaving insufficient for poorer countries. From the start it is not acceptable to remove what is necessary from those who need it, but if it is then wasted, it is not conceivable.

To increase the supply of electrical energy it is not necessary to construct new power stations of any type. The first thing to do is to increase the efficiency and reduce the waste of existing power stations. At the same time we need to increase the efficiency of use of the energy produced (lamps, white goods, air conditioning, industrial machinery). After that, if the energy supply is still insufficient, we can consider constructing new electricity generating stations.

For the production of electrical energy, an energy policy aimed at reducing CO2 emissions while increasing the supply, must be articulated as follows:

Strengthening of existing power stations and reduction in the impact they have on the environment
Providing incentives for the distributed production of electrical energy with technologies that use fossil fuels more efficiently, like distributed co-generation of electrical energy and heat, starting with buildings that are high energy-consumers like hospitals, commercial centres, industries using heat technology, sports centres etc.

Extension of the possibility to return energy to the national grid and to sell electrical energy even from micro-generating plants producing less then 20 kW

Providing incentives for the distributed production of electrical energy with extensions to all renewable sources and to distributed micro-generation regulations for energy accounting, tied to the kilowatt-hours sent to the grid during peak hours and excluding any produced during off-peak hours.

Providing incentives for distributed production and on the spot consumption of thermal energy from renewable sources (excluding from incentives the distribution over a distance of heat because of the inefficiencies and environmental impact)

Rigorous application of regulations set down by decree about the certification of energy efficiency

Elimination of the incentives set out in CIP 6/1992 (Provvedimento del Comitato interministeriale prezzi) for the combustion of refuse since refuse was inserted without any techno-scientific basis, among renewable resources.

Providing incentives for the production of bio-combustibles while obliging agricultural production aimed at this to increase organic substances in the soil.

In the transport sector, interventions are needed at a technical level where incentives must develop more efficient and less-polluting means of transport as well as at an organisational level to favour the development of public transport and remove incentives for using private vehicles especially in highly congested urban areas.

In urban transport the pivotal point is the strengthening of collective use public transport and the introduction of individual–use public transport, with electric motors powered from a network and not by batteries.

A more interesting version of the traditional trolley bus imprudently abandoned in recent decades can be created by positioning networks of electrical cables underneath the road surface In this way it’s possible to provide power not only for collective public transport, but also for fleets of public automobiles for individual use with payment on consumption by using pre-paid electronic cards. The combined effect f these technical and organisational measures can make it feasible to place ever more rigorous limitations on private vehicle traffic and at the same time increasing the speed of movement and reconstructing the possibility to have the function of “door to door” which car drivers in urban areas have not seen for some time.

Starting from these preconditions, all these technological innovations aimed at reducing polluting emissions from cars start to have an effective utility in terms of reducing the consumption of fossil fuels and the impact on the environment. They can also increase the number of kilometres travelled per litre of fuel.

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 10:13 AM in | Comments (4)
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yes, of course!
PS) Perfectionist as usual...

Posted by: Raffaella Biferale | January 10, 2006 10:58 PM

With "pretend" you mean "demand"?

Posted by: Giovanni Principe | January 10, 2006 10:11 PM

To ask is not enough, Prince, we must pretend what we need! In fact, we are their employers!

Posted by: Raffaella Biferale | January 10, 2006 08:15 PM

The problem is, as I said on the italian version, that our government does not want to look in that direction because it lacks kickbacks for its own proteges and most of all, because it does not know how to create a monopoly out of it, yet.
It's all about money, my friends.We will die of lung and colon cancer just to feed those guys and who will remain will suffer for the gap created by the lack of fuel, until a new solution will be implemented, unless we learn to wake up and ask what we need.

Posted by: Giovanni Principe | January 10, 2006 03:33 PM

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