March 01, 2009

No Nuke - Lester Brown

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ENEL and nuclear power stations in Slovakia

Nuclear power will not get through. The line of battle will be what the citizens know. In fact, those who know nuclear power, its costs, its effects, the enormous risks, avoid it and tell whoever promotes it to Fxxx off. The blog has interviewed some of the most important energy experts in the world on the topic of nuclear power and alternative energy sources. Their evidence will be collected together on a DVD entitled "No Nuke". It will be available in May.
Why does the psycho-nuke want nuclear power? Why does Ms Marcegaglia of the incinerators want it “very soon”? It’s a matter of money, of our money, of our taxes. The nuclear industry, that is being abandoned in the whole world, needs enormous investment, it needs permanent help from the State. It’s a great big cake that makes the tax on the electricity bill that’s used for incinerators, look like a tiny shadow. If the CIP6 has sucked billions from renewable energy to give it to the industrialists and to the oil barons, nuclear power will gift tens of billions of Euro to the Confindustria and to Monsieur Sarkozy. The French nuclear industry needs to export its technology in order to survive.
They will never give up (but is it in their interests?). Neither will we.

Lester Brown, from "No Nuke".
”In the Earth Policy Institute, where we study different forms of alternative energy, the first thing we look at is the economic calculation… People ask: will we have to convert to nuclear power, or go back to nuclear power? I believe that in the United States no one has bought any nuclear power station for about 29 years… the cost of the electricity tariffs for a nuclear power station should include the costs for the disposal of the waste products, the costs of insurance against nuclear accidents, the cost of construction and of dismantling the plant. In the United States we have discovered that the cost of dismantling a power station is higher than the cost of construction. When we consider all the costs, a nuclear power station doesn’t even get out of the packaging: it’s simply not competitive… In the United States we have 103 nuclear power stations, and all are more than 30 years old. There is still no structure for the permanent stockpiling of the waste products. But we have invested 90 billion dollars in the development of a structure underneath the Yucca, in Nevada… It’s an investment of a billion dollars for each power station, it is extraordinarily costly. What the operators try to do is to offload the costs onto the governments and thus onto the taxes of the tax-payers. Because they know that if they had to add the costs to the electricity bill, the consumers would not accept that…”

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 07:13 PM in Energy | Comments (4)
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November 01, 2008

5_Star Municipalities: Olivadi, San Vito sullo Ionio and Cenadi

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Solar Panels - Simulation of a 3KW system


We carry on with our voyage through the 5-Star Municipalities. Today it is the turn of the Municipalities of Olivadi, San Vito sullo Ionio and Cenadi in the Catanzaro Province. Ours is the Country of Sunshine and we had better enjoy it before it gets privatised and listed on the Stock Exchange. They will never give up, but neither will we.

"Those public administrations that adopt emission reduction policies also contribute to reducing public spending. The Municipalities of Olivadi, San Vito sullo Ionio and Cenadi, adjacent towns in Catanzaro Province, have been promoting a project called: “Sun, environment, savings”.
We could call this project “The obvious solution” because it begins with a very simple idea, namely, to form a group in order to gain the maximum benefit from the installation of solar panels and photovoltaic cells. More than 300 plants are to be installed in these three Municipal districts, which means that the supplier was able to give the buyers otherwise unthinkable discounts. The construction of the plant will cost the residents nothing, thanks to an agreement that the Municipalities have come to with the Banca di Credito Cooperativo Centro Calabria of San Vito sullo Ionio, a letter of understanding by which the bank has committed itself to fully finance both the purchase price and installation cost of the panels, at a fixed interest rate of 5.90%. Every resident will have access to clean, self-produced energy, thereby drastically reducing his or her individual utility bills. The loan will be paid off in six-monthly instalments over a maximum of 14 years and the money to do this will come from the incentive tariff credits that the local utility company will pay out during the year into banking accounts that each resident user will be required to open at the bank.
With these payments that the Electricity Supply Company will be paying back to the residents, based on the amount of power generated over a period of twenty years, the total cost of the plant will be amortised within 12-14 years, which means that, over time, in addition to enjoying free power, the residents will receive part of the incentive payments. Thereafter, with effect from the twelfth-fourteenth year onwards, the residents will receive the entire incentive payment, which amounts to some 600 Euro per year for every KWp of installed photovoltaic cell.
As regards the installation of the solar panels, an agreement has been entered into with G.F.C. – TER, which submitted the best quotation in terms of quality vs price for the supply of a turnkey plant and included insurance cover for a period of 14 years and free maintenance on the plant for 5 years.

Furthermore, the “Sun-Environment-Savings” project offers dual benefits in that it saves money by lowering the cost of electricity, plus it reduces greenhouse gas emissions to the tune of 1,000Kg of CO2 for every KWp of installed photovoltaic cell."
Sent in by Marco Boschini, www.comunivirtuosi.org

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 05:55 AM in Energy | Comments (3)
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September 24, 2008

Wackernagel and the ecological footprint

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Mathis Wackernagel and the ecological footprint

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Today, 23 September 2008, is the Earth Overshoot Day. The day on which humanity has used all the resources that nature can generate in a year according to the Global Footprint Network founded by Mathis Wackernagel. This means that we need about 1.4 times the Earth to meet our needs. We are eating the planet. The blog has interviewed Wackernagel, the inventor of the concept of ecological footprint, a statistical index that brings together the consumption of natural resources with the Earth's capacity to regenerate them.

"Italian monks introduced the idea of book keeping for money. The ecological footprint is something similar for resources: we think like farmers about the world, rather than the money we think how much area there is that is productive for raising land, crop land, etc. That is what we have available, our bio capacity, and then what we use for our food, fibres, energy consumption, etc., is our ecological footprint. If we look at all the resources we consume from 1st January to 23rd September, the Overshoot Day, and compare them to the entire year production we see that by 23rd September we have used all the resources that the Earth can regenerate in the entire year. When I was born in 1962, humanity used about half the planet regenerative capacity. Over that time span we've been able, trough technological wizardry, to squeeze more stuff out of the planet. Some areas of the world have experienced the collapse because they are too poor to import extra resources after they run out of their own assets. Switzerland, for example, being quite wealthy uses three times the resources that its own ecosystem can regenerate. Since it has quite significant financial capacity, it buys the extra resources. The latest estimates for Italy are for 2003: 4.2 hectares of ecologically productive space compared to 1.8 available in the world, a bit less than three times what is available in the world. The bio capacity of Italy is one hectare per person, slightly more than half the world average. It takes so 4 Italies to support the consumption of Italians. Other cases are Haiti and Darfur, where they are much more limited by their own resources availability, and if they run out of resources, which they are, they aren't able to gain extra resources and so are confronted with severe resource shortages. There are beautiful historical examples, beautiful because they are so far away. When the Roman Empire was at its peak, a million people lived in Rome. Once the Empire collapsed, and Rome wasn't able to get the resources from far way places. The city within a very short period of time shrunked to about 50,000 people, all that Rome was able to support from it surrounding ecosystem, not being able to ship resources from far away any more. This is the best historical example. There are three areas on which we must focus: the first is that, like we do with finances, we need to have a good understanding of what we spend and how much we use. Book keeping doesn't avoid bankruptcy, but it helps to understand where we are. The second are is what we call slow things first. If you look at infrastructure put in place today or in the past, ... infrastructure lasts for decades. Think about how your cities are built and how long they will determine how we will live in these cities, for example the insulation of a building will determine for decades how much the house will consume. The third area is to focus our innovation in the right direction. Innovation is the biggest tool we have to solve issues, but if it is not just focused on the right problems, the problems will not solved. Being clear about recognizing what we are up against will allow us to invest in the right direction. I can tell you what energy we will be using in a 100 year, that is pretty obvious. Right now we are using in the order of 15 terawatt of energy to power the human economy. The Sun provides 175,000 terawatt to our planet. For sure 100 years from now we will be using predominately the Sun, as we did in the past, during the first 1,500,000 years of human existence. I hope that we start to recognize that the waste is not the end of the cycle, but the beginning. Our waste could become a significant resource for our economy: the worst thing we can do with the waste is mix the various materials of waste, therefore downgrading its usefulliness. By separating out all the various waste streams, they are much more valuable. Paper from recycled paper, metal from metal, etcetera. The organic food can become soil again through composting, without contaminating the rest of the waste streams. A part of the waste might have a high energy value and could be burned very cleanly. Waste could become a huge opportunity rather the problem it is today." M. Wackernagel

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 10:23 PM in Energy | Comments (1)
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August 10, 2008

The global war over crude oil

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Georgia has bombed Southern Ossezia, a tiny State, equivalent to a medium-size Italian province. Estimates put the number of deaths at 1300. Almost all of them civilians. So Russia invaded Ossezia with its tanks and proceeded to bomb the Georgian Capital, Tiblisi. Meanwhile, Putin and Bush were exchanging niceties at the Olympics of Hypocrisy and the European Union failed to say a word. This is a new kind of war that is all about energy. From Kazakhstan, gas and crude oil could be sent to Europe without passing through Russian territory. Georgia is being provided with arms by Israel and the United States. Georgia’s President gets himself photographed standing between the national flag and that of the European Union, of which Georgia wants to become a member.
Ossezia is yet another episode in the global war over crude oil, which began with the first invasion of Iraq in 1991. Saddam attacked Kuwait and Bush senior intervened. Not to liberate the place but to prevent Saddam from controlling the flow of crude oil from the Persian Gulf. Bush junior continued the task begun earlier by his father, using the cock and bull excuse of some or other weapons of mass destruction. Do you honestly believe that the Americans actually give a damn about the inhabitants of either Kuwait or Iraq, especially given the fact that they failed to lift a finger to stop the genocide taking place in Rwanda and Darfur?
China, instead, buys crude oil from Iran and is probably selling arms to that country. Iran wants to replace the petro-Dollar with the Petro-Euro. Israel threatens to bomb Iran because of its nuclear power development policies. Chechnya is a place of strategic importance for the Russian oil pipelines. This is the real reason behind the Chechnyan massacres and the ongoing state of war. The world is divided into zones based on the control of crude oil supplies. Wherever there are oil wells, there is also (almost always) an ongoing war or a military occupation. Any area of strategic importance for the passage of crude oil is also (almost always) the scene of armed conflict. The G8+1 (China) and -1 (Italy) gathers regularly to agree on energy control zones. No war must be allowed to break out amongst the members of this group, so instead they allow their subjects to be massacred during the course of minor wars in obscure outposts that (also) happen to purchase their weapons. A dual business: arms and crude oil.
Fortunate are those without oil wells, for they will inherit peace.

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 07:22 AM in Energy | Comments (17)
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June 25, 2008

An interview with Jeremy Rifkin

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The Blog interviewed Jeremy Rifkin, world-known author. Among its books: “The Hydrogen Economy”.
The world as we know it is changing fast. Oil is almost up. Energy will have two characteristics: renewable, like Sun and wind, and distributed. Each one of us will be able to create its own energy and share it with other on the grid.

"So, now at the sunset [of the second industrial revolution] we have four major crisis that are very, very critical. First, the price of energy is going up dramatically on world market as we move toward peak oil production in the world. Food prices have doubled last year, because so much of the food production relays on fossil fuels. As we reach peak oil production, prices go up, inflation goes up, the global economy stalls, we have recession and we have people who can’t afford to put food on the table. Peak oil is when half the global oil production is used up. And when half the oil is used up and you are on the top of that Bell curve, that is the end of the oil era. Because the prices are simply unaffordable for the second half of the oil curve. So, when do we peak? The optimists, the International Energy Agency and others, say: “Well maybe, we peak somewhere around 2025-2030-2035. On the other hand, in the last half a dozen year, some of the greatest geologists in the world, some of the world-class geologists, the best in the field, had been using more sophisticated computer models and looking at the oil and gas reserve figures, their models now suggests that we will peak with oil production somewhere between 2010 and 2020. One of the world’s great energy experts said that we already peaked in 2005. Now, the North Sea peaked three years ago, Mexico, the fourth wide resource producer peaks in 2010, Russia probably peaks around 2010.
Now, in my book, The Hydrogen Economy, I spent a lot of time on this question of peak oil. I don’t know who is right: the optimists or the pessimists. But it doesn’t make any difference. That’s a very small window.
The second crisis related to the sunset of energy regime is increasing political instability in the oil producing countries. We need to understand that one out of three civil wars in world today, one third, is occurring in the oil producing countries. So, if we peak these countries as our hotspot today, image what is going to be like in 2009-2010-2011 and 2012 etc. Everybody wants the oil. The oil is getting more expensive. There is a drying in supply and we are going to see more military and political conflicts in the oil producing countries.
And finally, there is the question of climate change. If we simply take the European Union’s targets for Co2 reduction, an the EU is the most aggressive in the World, even if we go with the EU targets, and China, India and other countries don’t want to do that, we can go up 6° Celsius in this century and – this is quote from the scientists – “and the end of civilization as we know it”. Let me say that what we need now is an economic plan that may be ambitious enough, and maybe powerful enough, to address the enormity of peak oil and climate change.
And so, let me say that the great economic revolutions in history occur when humans change the way they organize the energy of the Earth – number one – and then – number two – when we change the way we communicate with each other to organize these new energy revolutions.
In the early twentieth century the telegraph and telephone communication revolutions converged with oil and the internal combustion engine to give us the second industrial revolution.
Right now we are at the sunset of that second industrial revolution. So the question is, how do we open the door to the third industrial revolution. We can now communicate peer to peer, one to one, one to many, many to one, many to many. I am communicating with you now over the Internet. So this distributed communication revolution – that is the key word: distributed – this flat distributed open source communication revolution is just now beginning to converge with a new distributed energy revolution. And the coming together distributed communication and organized distributed energy, that is going to give us the third industrial revolution.
Distributed energies are found in the backyard. They are all over Italy, all over the world: the Sun shines everywhere on the Planet, the wind blow across the Earth, in we like on a coast we have ocean tides and waves, underneath the ground we have thermal heat. We have small hydro, with water. So, these are distributed energies, they are literally found everywhere, so the European Union is committed to pillar one of the four pillar of the third industrial revolution, which is distributed renewable energy.
Number one: we are going to renewable energies, they are distributed. The European Union has made that commitment: 20% renewables.
Number two: we are going to buildings as positive power plants. Millions of buildings that collect their energy. And the first building as power plant is already up. They already exist.
Then, pillar three: how do we store this renewable energy. Because the Sun is not always shining, even in the beautiful Italy, the wind is not always blowing, and you can have water tables down because of drought for hydroelectricity. So pillar three is: we are going to introduce storage technology and the main storage is going to be hydrogen. Hydrogen stores renewable energy the way digital stores media.
Then pillar four: this is the last pillar. This is where that distributed communication revolution, that I mentioned earlier, connects with distributed renewable energy to create a third industrial revolution. We take the same technology that we use for the Internet. It is identical. And the take the power grid of Italy and the EU and the World and we turn it into an inter-grid that acts just like the inter-net. So that, when you and I and millions of others produce our own energy, just like we produce our own information out of our computers, we store our energy in hydrogen just like we store our media with digital, and then with a smart power grid manager we share the surplus across Italy and Europe on an InterGrid that acts like the Internet. That is the third industrial revolution.
Let me say I work with the many of the leading power utilities companies in the world. I advise and consult. Let me give you a business perspective, not an ideological perspective. I don’t think nuclear power is going to be very significant in the future. I think it is essentially a dead-end and it would be a very poor course of action for any government. Let me give you the reasons. We don’t have Co2, with nuclear power. So, shouldn’t it be part of the solution for climate change? Alright? Now, let us look at the numbers. There are 439 nuclear power plants in the world today, it is all there is. They make up 5% of the energy that we create. That is all. These nuclear power plants are very old. They are grand-fathering out. They are going to be de-commissioned. Has anyone in Italy, or in the world, really believed that we are even going to replace the exiting 439 power plants in the next twenty years? But even if we did that, it gets back to that 5% of the energy. It will have no impact on climate change. It is very well considered that if we want to impact climate change, nuclear would have to take up 20% of the energy. Just like renewables. But, in order for nuclear power to be responsible of 20% of the energy, we have to put under construction three nuclear power plants every thirty days for the next sixty year. Did you hear that? That is two thousand power plants. Three news one every thirty days for the next sixty years. We don’t know how to get rid of nuclear waste. We are sixty years into nuclear power. The industry told us sixty years ago: “build the power plants, then give us enough time, we will figure out a way to dispose nuclear waste”. Sixty years later, this industry is saying: “trust us again, we can do it”. But the still don’t know how to get rid of the nuclear waste.
The International Atomic Energy Commission says we face potential uranium deficit, between 2025 and 2035, just for the existing 439 power plants that make up only 5% of the energy. We could take the uranium we have and recycle it to plutonium. But then we will have the threat of nuclear terrorism. Do we really want plutonium all over the world in an age of potential terrorist attacks? I think that is insane.
Then, finally, this is what all the people that watch this should discuss with their neighbours. We don’t have that water. This is something that utilities companies know, but the public doesn’t know. Take France. France is the quintessential nuclear power company. Over 70% of their electricity comes from nuclear power plants. Here is what the public does not know. 40% of all the water consumed in France last year went to cooling the nuclear reactors, for their nuclear industry. 40% of all the water in France. You recall thee years ago, when all the elderly people died in France during the summer because of the air conditioning – they didn’t have it? What you don’t know is there was not enough water to cool the nuclear reactors. So that nuclear reactors had to move down the amount of electricity they where putting out. So where is Italy or any other country going to find the water? If France doesn’t even have it. So, what we need to do is to democratize energy.
The third industrial revolution, this distributed revolution is power to the people. And for generation that grew up on the Internet this is the conclusion and completion of that revolution. Just like we can now rely on things like this Internet: we are now sitting and talking on the Internet at each other and you can have hundreds of thousand of people on the Internet and it is all free and you don’t have to rely on some centralized television network and it is all open source and you are sharing it. Is it correct? Why can’t we do that with energy?
Italy is the Saudi Arabia of renewable energy. There is some much distributed renewable energy in your country, it frustrates me when I come to your country and I see that is not moving like Spain is moving, for example. Spain is moving aggressively into renewable energy. All across the regions. For example. You have Sun. You have so much Sun from Rome to Bari. You have Sun. You are a peninsula, you have wind coming in all the time. You have the ocean waves surrounding you on all sides. You have rich geothermal deposits in Tuscany. You have forestry waste up in Bolzano and Northern Italy. You have snow for hydro from the Alps. You just are overflowing with renewable energy possibilities. You are not using them. I don’t understand why.
I guess the bottom line is, what I would say to the Italian government is: what is your game plan? If your only game plan is to stay on the old energies, then Italy will not be competitive and will not get the economic multiplier effect of moving into the door to a new economic revolution and will fall further and further behind other countries as we proceed into the twenty-first century. But if Italy decides that it is important to move into the sunrise energies and industries of the third industrial revolution, the opportunities are enormous for Italy. And enormous for the citizens of Italy.
I have been keeping in touch with what you have been doing with this website in the Internet now for a number of years, and I wish we had some voices like him [Beppe Grillo] in other countries.
That allows some many people to become engaged and it is instructive of the way we need to go. "

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 05:30 PM in Energy | Comments (8)
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May 19, 2008

State Secrecy on Energy

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Click on the image
Sites for the disposal of nuclear waste, new civil installations for energy production, nuclear power stations, “rigassificatori”, incinerators/ “termovalorizzatori” (different types of waste-to-energy technologies} could in the future be covered by State Secrecy. This is set out in a decree that came into effect on May 1st, thus under the Prodi Government.
The decree was published in the Gazzetta Ufficiale on 16 April 2008, number 90. It says that: “In the places covered by State Secrecy the control functions normally carried out by the local public health bodies and by the National Fire Service, are carried out by autonomous offices of control located at a central level in the relevant administration organisations that set them up with their own arrangements.”
”The administration organisations are not obliged to communicate with the local public health bodies and the National Fire Service but they can turn to them for help and consultation.”
Information, news, documents, official paperwork, activities, locations and things related to the matter being referred to can be covered by State Secrecy.”
Article 261 of the Penal Code says that anyone revealing a State Secret will have a sentence of not less than 5 years in prison.
If a mayor were to tell his citizens about the existence of a nuclear waste dump in his territory he would land up in prison. If a mayor does not tell his citizens he would be betraying his position in relation to them.
Our employees are treating us like vassals. If our wishes do not correspond with theirs, they change the laws, they impose State Secrecy on toxic waste, on nuclear power stations. The other countries have secrecy about national security, about military bases. We have State Secrecy about rubbish, about what is poisoning us, about their motivation, about their interests.
Nuclear power stations are not a solution for energy. The greatest world experts agree and through this blog I will collect their evidence. Incinerators are not a solution for the disposal of rubbish. The greatest world experts agree and through this blog I will collect their evidence.
The citizen has the right to be informed about the choices of their employees. Prodi signed the decree, Veltrusconi will use it, but citizens will not hand around watching. freedom of information in a free State.

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 09:37 AM in Energy | Comments (9)
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February 22, 2008

Don’t pay the CIP6 tax on the ENEL electricity bill


Listen to these voices


dott.ssa Gentilini
 
Pallante
Maurizio Pallante
 
Connet
Paul Connet
   



The way of giving an incentive to renewable energy was brought in with the law number 9 in 1991 and by the document number 6 published by CIP in 1992 that added the words “and similar”.
These regulations set out that financing would in part be paid for (indirectly) by the final user, as a part of a surcharge on the cost of energy.
Anyway there is not a specific regulation that establishes an obligation for the individual to take on the payment of a particular sum in order to finance the sources of energy: the regulations on this topic, in fact, as mentioned above, establish that the cost of energy for the public applied by ENEL is made up of a surcharge that is in part destined for this purpose.
The CIP6 “quota” is paid by the individual user to ENEL that in turn, pays it to the State.
Given that this quote is “excluded” from the price per kilowatt and that there is no regulation that specifically obliges the user to pay that sum for that purpose, if the individual fails to pay this part out of the whole amount paid for the supply, this constitutes a non-fulfilment of the contract.
CIP6 is a tax on tumours. It is used to construct incinerators that thermo-valorise your cells.
They don’t want to understand this with good manners and they won’t stop and go on to differentiated collection and using forms of disposal that are not bad for our health.
The criminal use of our money to poison OUR FAMILIES must stop.
We want renewable energy. We don’t want to be breathing dioxin and nano particles.
No longer pay the CIP6 tax with ENEL. I have already started.
ENEL has removed from the utility bill the item A3 with the contribution for the incinerators.
Calculating the exact sum is almost impossible, it’s about 7%.
ENEL must bring back the item A3 to allow us to deduct it correctly.
Meanwhile:
use the Enel/Informazioni to inform ENEL that you have calculated by how much you will reduce what you pay on your utility bill with the explanation: ‘Detrazione CIP6 per gli Inceneritori’ {deduction of CIP6 for incinerators} in the field headed “messaggio”
- take off 7% from the ‘importo senza IVA’ {value before sales tax} on the utility bill
spread the word.

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 09:12 AM in Energy | Comments (5)
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December 04, 2007

Petroleum and terrorism

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Image from the Financial Times

11 September 2001. Since then we have been one of the nations at risk of Islamic attacks. More than six years have passed and, as far as we can remember, not a single person has been killed or injured in Italy as a direct result of the Jihad. This must be some sort of record. We have not seen a single possessed man wearing a turban, or a bearded fanatic involved in any robbery, bloody event or domestic burglary.
Some may believe that this may be simply because Italy closes an eye (looks the other way), perhaps even both eyes and allows everyone to do their own thing. And the Country allows the setting up of logistics bases that could be used as a springboard for attacks elsewhere in Europe. There may well be some truth in this belief because, here in Italy, we are free to do whatever we wish and this Country is probably the best crossroads for all the secret services of the world. Abu Omar was kidnapped in Milan by twenty-six CIA agents. However, any terrorist wishing to blow himself up in London or Madrid is able to access local support with impunity. He need not go as far as Rome or Milan. Since 2001, there have been around 8000 people assassinated in the workplace, hundreds more have died at the hands of organised crime and there have been thousands of rapes. Entire swathes of the Campania, Calabria and Sicily Regions are beyond the rule of law, with shotguns drawn. The result is that we have sent our troops to Iraq and Afghanistan and cut our funding to the Country’s Police Services. All due to the Jihad.
Of what use is a fear of the Muslims and the mosques? The person who prays does not normally get involved in criminal activity. In an attempt to find some sort of answer to this question, I read the recent International Energy Agency Report on the future of world energy. The report’s content is summarised in a map published by the Financial Times and entitled: “The increasing importance of Middle East petroleum”.
In 1980, the quantity of petroleum extracted in non-Opec countries, such as the United States and Russia, amounted to 35.5 million barrels per day, while 28.1 million barrels were being extracted by Opec zone Countries. The forecast for the year 2030 is exactly the opposite, with petroleum production is expected to in the order of 60.3 million barrels per day in the Opec zone and 53.2 million barrels in the rest of the world. He who controls the Persian Gulf, which is where 30% of the entire global requirement will be extracted, controls the energy resources and, he who controls the energy resources also controls the entire planet. The rising demand for energy (China alone will go from their current 7 million barrels per day, to 16.5 million by 2030) will coincide with the concentration of petroleum in the Persian Gulf, overlooked by Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia and the Emirates. All of which are Muslim States. Therefore, the more petroleum you produce, the more you are a terrorist.

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 10:04 AM in Energy | Comments (15)
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July 18, 2007

Nuclear Enel










Enel buys pages in the International daily newspapers to do advertising. Guess who pays?

Before answering, close your eyes, concentrate and count to three. If the reply is: “Me through my utility bill”, you are one of the millions of Italians who have financed the advertising appearing in The Financial Times.
The image was suggested directly by Bin Laden. The two skyscrapers are without the shadow of a doubt, a photo of the Twin Towers snapped on 10 September 2001.
Enel in the text of the advert, written by Rutelli, the one who did the international video: “pliiis visits pliiis ourcaountri”, says two important things.

“Our strength comes from facts: in 2006, our net profit hit 3 billion euros”.
A strength based on the de facto monopoly in Italy. Enel gains and the ones who lose are the families, the companies and the competitiveness of the country. Enel is better than Robin Hood, it takes from the users to fatten up its balance sheet.
“As a company, we strongly believe in economic, social environmental responsibility”. This is why it invests in nuclear power stations going back to the time of the cold war. The opinion of Greenpeace:
“Greenpeace is strongly against Enel’s nuclear investments at Mochovce where two soviet rectors designed in the 1970s are to be completed, without a layer that protects from external events. Greenpeace is also opposing the soviet nuclear project at Belene in Bulgaria, in a seismic zone. Two operations that will cost more than all Enel’s investments in renewable sources, an embarrassing record.”

Now that Enel has a balance sheet of thousands of millions thanks to our utility bills and it is going round the world to tell people, it makes my blood boil. But the fact that they are using our money to buy two antiquated nuclear reactors instead of investing in renewables is a crime against future generations.
The Minister of the Economy is the main shareholder of Enel. Let Padoa Schioppa (email) intervene, at least for the sake of his grandchildren.

V-day

1 Participate in V-day
2 Download the flyer
3 Put your photos on www.flickr.com with the tag: Vaffa-day

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 10:24 PM in Energy | Comments (6)
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April 18, 2007

Chernobyl my love

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image: National Geographic

The true soviet revolution starts now. Aeroflot wants Alitalia. We’ll have Russian air hostesses, so far so good. But also Tupolev aircraft and here we’ll have to touch our heads before landing.
To exchange the favour, Enel invests in soviet nuclear reactors, older than the Chernobyl one. When innovation comes, it comes.
And in Italy we know, it never comes. But 30% of Enel belongs to the State and Italian citizens, after Chernobyl, voted against nuclear in a referendum.
Let’s use the Greenpeace petition to remind the employee Prodi when he comes back from Japan. I wouldn’t want things to have gone to his head while he was passing by Hiroshima.

Letter from Greenpeace:
”Double protest today by Greenpeace against Enel’s decision to invest 1,800,000,000 Euro for the completion of two nuclear reactors at Mochovce in Slovakia. Today outside the headquarters of the banks in the main cities of Italy, Italian activists distributed ironic likenesses of Enel adverts explaining how instead of investing in innovation there’s investment in a reactor using soviet technology that in fact pre-dates the Chernobyl disaster.
Today’s brochure reads: “The true revolution is to go back to soviet nuclear technology.”
In Europe, Greenpeace has also protested in front of the Italian Embassies in Slovakia, the Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary and Bulgaria.
The letter sent to the Italian Government emphasizes that Italy that has closed down its own reactors cannot the atomic risk export abroad.
In fact the government is Enel’s reference shareholder with a 30% share. The main criticisms of the project are the low level of safety and also the economics that are open to discussion.
The plan is to construct at Mochovce, 2 soviet reactors (VVER-440/213) that were designed at the end of the 1970s.
The reactors are well below the current safety standards and it’s unlikely that they would get authorization n most of the European States. For example, they don’t have a double outer layer to give protection if there were to be an impact from an aircraft.
Not only that, but for Greenpeace, there’s an issue of legitimacy because the project was authorised in 1986 by the communist government of that time with no environmental impact evaluation nor involvement of public opinion.
Even today, Slovakia’s Ministry of the Environment refuses to conduct an environmental impact assessment…..”
“Next month Enel is due to take the final decision on Mochovce and Greenpeace has started a web-based petition to ask Prodi to drop this project immediately.”

Complete text from Greenpeace.

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 11:55 AM in Energy | Comments (21)
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April 05, 2007

Fidel and the World’s Future

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image by rikk_dn

The cost of corn is going up. The reason: corn is used to produce ethanol, the new green petrol. The cost of the fuel will go down, the cost of bread and meat will go up. This is what happens in the rich countries. In poor ones what will increase is the number dying of hunger and the exports of ethanol. Food must be energy for the human not for machines.
Fidel Castro, after 8 months of silence, has put forward certain reflections in the daily paper Granma. He’s talking about George W. Bush’s launch of the ethanol era. In the future no longer will petrol be taken from the mouths of the developing countries, but just bread.

“More than three billion people in the world condemned to premature death from hunger and thirs
That is not an exaggerated figure, but rather a cautious one. I have meditated a lot on that in the wake of President Bush’s meeting with U.S. automobile manufacturers. The sinister idea of converting food into fuel was definitively established as an economic line in U.S. foreign policy last Monday, March 26.
The president urged Congress to ‘move expeditiously’ on legislation the administration recently proposed to require the use of 35 billion gallons of alternative fuels by 2017 and seek higher fuel economy standards for automobiles. Bush met with General Motors Corp. chairman and chief executive Rick Wagoner, Ford Motor Co. chief executive Alan Mulally and DaimlerChrysler AG's Chrysler Group chief executive Tom LaSorda.
I believe that reducing and moreover recycling all motors that run on electricity and fuel is an elemental and urgent need for all humanity. The tragedy does not lie in reducing those energy costs but in the idea of converting food into fuel.
It is known very precisely today that one ton of corn can only produce 413 liters of ethanol on average, according to densities. That is equivalent to 109 gallons. The average price of corn in U.S. ports has risen to $167 per ton. Thus, 320 million tons of corn would be required to produce 35 billion gallons of ethanol.
According to FAO figures, the U.S. corn harvest rose to 280.2 million tons in the year 2005. Apply that recipe to the countries of the Third World and you will see that people among the hungry masses of the Earth will no longer eat corn.
Or something worse: lend funding to poor countries to produce corn ethanol based on corn or any other food and not a single tree will be left to defend humanity from climate change.
Other countries in the rich world are planning to use not only corn but also wheat, sunflower seeds, rapeseed and other foods for fuel production. For the Europeans, for example, it would become a business to import all of the world’s soybeans with the aim of reducing the fuel costs for their automobiles and feeding their animals with the chaff from that legume, particularly rich in all types of essential amino acids.
All the countries of the world, rich and poor, without any exception, could save millions and millions of dollars in investment and fuel simply by changing all the incandescent light bulbs for fluorescent ones, an exercise that Cuba has carried out in all homes throughout the country……
I refer in this case to an official news agency, founded in 1945 and generally well-informed about economic and social questions in the world: TELAM. It said, and I quote:
“In just 18 years, close to 2 billion people will be living in countries and regions where water will be a distant memory. Two-thirds of the world’s population could be living in places where that scarcity produces social and economic tensions of such a magnitude that it could lead nations to wars for the precious ‘blue gold.’
“According to statistics from the World Water Council, it is estimated that by 2015, the number of inhabitants affected by this grave situation will rise by 3.5 billion people.”
Fidel Castro.

Complete article.

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 02:18 PM in Energy | Comments (11)
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March 17, 2007

Green petrol

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The sugar factories are closing down. They have given way to empty supermarkets, unemployment and (guess what?) petrol. Beetroot and petrol live side by side in many countries, like Brazil.
In Italy it’s preferable to close down whoever offers alternatives to petrol. Green alternatives, less polluting, less costly. Alcoplus in Ferrara, producing biofuels is to close with the 46 employees to be sent home. The reason?
The series of closures of sugar factories has reduced the stocks of molasses from which the alcohol is produced. The competition has pressed down on the accelerator, reducing the price of the bio fuel that is produced by mixing alcohol of vegetable origin with petrol derivatives.
That’s how the story of a distillery that produced alcohol finishes. It produced alcohol used in the best known made-in-Italy booming production of eco-fuels and cannot sell its annual production of 39,000,000 litres. Finished?
It doesn’t finish. We can’t allow it to finish! Companies like Alcoplus represent the present and the future.
For years, the State has financed the oil barons with our money, the ones of the Enel utility bills. One, Garrone of ERG (mp3), has been interviewed. Listen to it. It’s better than going to the Circus.
Let the employee Minister Castro intervene. He is there to protect us and to give life to companies like Alcoplus that should be multiplied, even to relaunch the sugar factories.
One, a hundred, a thousand Alcopluses. Let’s send Castro an email reminder.

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 01:26 PM in Energy | Comments (7)
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February 25, 2007

Mafia Tax on Energy

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Why do we have to pay the mafia tax to Eni? Eni is a company quoted on the Stock Exchange. The Treasury has 21%, the Cassa Depositi e Prestiti has 10%. The remaining 69% is owned by small and big share holders.
Eni is a de facto monopoly. Our energy bill goes to Eni’s coffers.
Eni has declared a profit of 9,200,000,000 Euro in 2006.
A massive profit taken away from families and companies.
Practically, we have paid another Finance Law.
A part of the profit is distributed to the shareholders.
The first shareholder to get some of the mafia tax is the State.
The other shareholders, apart from private citizens, I don’t know who they are.
I can smell the usual pong of the gentile living room.
The one that has probably placed its own men in the Board of Directors.
The one that has perhaps nominated Scaroni (who made an agreement over a conviction and sentence to two years and three months for corruption) as the Chief Executive Officer.
Eni’s mafia tax is the lead in the wings of the development of the country.
Yesterday Scaroni decided to add more lead: Agip has increased the price of petrol and diesel.
The State has reacted with harshness. Bersani declared: “We will see if Agip will decide to give explanations about such an unusual operation.”
The citizen that owns Eni shares can pay the mafia tax on the energy bill by cashing in their dividends. The citizen that doesn’t own Eni shares can pay the mafia tax full stop. If we were all shareholders, the problem would be resolved.

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 12:05 PM in Energy | Comments (6)
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December 30, 2006

Cip6: a letter from Pecoraro Scanio

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Pecoraro Scanio has sent me a letter about the Cip6. This is a great victory for Italian citizens. I want to say “thank you” to all those who follow the Blog and to those who are associated with the MeetUp groups. Without you there would still be financing of the incinerators.
But there are those, like the valued incineratorists, the TAVists, the DSdioxin Mediapolists from Piedmont who never give up and send out a cry of pain with Chiamparino: “The year 2007 will be decisive for the High Speed Turin- Lyon project. Even given the umpteenth interview with the Minister Pecoraro Scanio on the topic, it seems evident to me that it is ever more a political problem.
This is why I think that the political leadership of the Centre Left should finally give a clear word on the topic.” I’ll give you a clear word Chiamparino: “Jerk”.


Dear Beppe,
Good news: the common battle against the Cip6 has seen a step forward. The Council of Ministers has restored the amendment - the one that disappeared in the Senate, - that excluded the “similar sources” (including the incinerators) from the incentives destined for renewable sources.
This is a success and good news that people need to know about. Together with the reopening of the Conference of Services for the regasification plant at Brindisi so as to be able to evaluate fully and exhaustively all the environmental profiles. More good news is the decision to start in March the national conference on energy and the environment.
The stimuli and the criticisms that we receive are useful and at times they are necessary, but it is also important to remember the positive results and to share them with those who have battled to get them.
An encouragement for those, like us, that believe another economy is possible and that protests should not be criminalized but that it is necessary to gather together the many proposals for the innovation they contain.
Thus there are a few good news items at the end of the year but we can rest there. I am taking advantage of these festive days to say to you and to all the friends of the Blog, may you have a happy year 2007 and may it be full of satisfaction. And with this wish there’s also a brief reflection.
I read your criticisms that personally I consider to be useful stimuli to operate with ever more efficiency. On the other hand, your Blog and the activity of the movements that fight throughout the land for the environment and the rights of consumers, are precious allies and vigilant eyes for those who are in politics with the aim of bringing about a change in direction of politics in this country.
We talked about this during our first meeting at the Ministry in the first weeks of life of the government.
And I have to say, in these first months of activity I have preferred to “talk” with facts rather than with press releases. The facts and the acts of the government can certainly be improved on but they are certainly moving in the direction that we are hoping for.
For example, I am referring to the work done to remove the TAV project in the Val di Susa from the perverse mechanism of the Objective Law and to bring it within the ambit of ordinary procedures. Or to the financing going to the Bridge over the Straits of Messina and direct it to the public works that are genuinely useful in the South. Or for having started the complete reform of the Framework Law.
To have inserted in the Finance Law, more money for renewable energy sources, for efficiency and saving, sustainable mobility, the defence of the territory from landslides and floods, for the fight against the eco-mafias and abusive building in favour of parks and biodiversity.
A positive balance that is very solid in relation to the previous Finance law that can be verified by anyone. This gives us hope for the year 2007.

Alfonso Pecoraro Scanio.

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 12:30 PM in Energy | Comments (13)
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December 24, 2006

Let’s give ourselves a gift of renewables

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No newspaper or national TV channel talks about it. Advertising for Enel, on pages and pages of newspapers and magazines is more important than our health. Of the 3,100,000,000 Euro paid every year with the Enel utility bills. Of a news item that relates to the future of renewable energy.
But something is happening on the scandal of the Cip6-Green certificates and finance to incinerators, electricity generating stations fueled by coal and by oil by-products.
After the protests of the employees Tommaso Sodano (Prc) and Loredana De Petris (Greens), who with their groups, have threatened to abandon the work of the Senate, the anger of the employee Pecoraro Scanio (alleluia!), after more than 23,000 electronic signatures in a few days on the blog and thousands of your emails to the employee Franco Marini, the government has announced that on Thursday 27 December it will meet to remove the words 'authorised plant'. Here is the communication from Palazzo Chigi about the acts of the Senate. However vigilance is needed.
In fact the fire-raisers are in agitation. It’s a matter of the Assoambiente-Confindustria headed by Pietro Colucci president of Waste Italia that also constructs incinerators and using invoices that are perfectly in regular to give finance to AN, Forza Italia and DS (minute 39:45 of the Report video). There is agitation from Daniele Fortini, the president of the Federambiente (don’t be taken in by the name, it’s the association that takes in all the former municipal companies and the companies of the sector). Fortini is also the president of CEWEP, the Confederation of European Waste-to-Energy Plants.
Grabbed by a state of nerves he’s playing John Wayne and fired off a press release: either the utility bills, or the tariffs – you citizens have to pay for the incinerators!
But the fact that in the absence of public financing the incineration of waste is not economic was already written by the Bolsheviks in the Wall Street Journal on 11 August 1993.
For the DS-dioxin employee from Turin, Sergio Chiamparino (Ds) to abolish financing incinerators “is an unwise decision”. He’s desperate and puts an idea to his friend Bersani to get our money back: “I trust that the government will know how to find a remedy subsequently with a decree from the Ministry of Industry to bring back the treatment of waste within the range of biomass, thus allowing for the access to incentives set down for renewable energy.”
Chiamparino asks for State help to mess up the free competition at European level and to sell as biomass and renewable sources the non-biodegradable waste like plastics and various toxic materials (forbidden by the EU).

It’s necessary to explain to the fire-raisers that there are alternatives to avoid incinerators and close many dumps:
- reduction at source – tax the double and triple packaging, sale of products loose (unpackaged)
- door to door collection of pre-sorted waste with precise tariffs using microchips (the more you recycle the less you pay) that can even get to 75-80% as demonstrated by the experiences in the province of Treviso.
- for the residue that cannot be recycled, “cold” biological treatment without combustion. A method with minimum health impact compared to incineration and decidedly more economic. Watch the video and read the documents of the meetings of the Meet Up groups of Verona and Reggio Emilia with the entrepreneur Francesco Galanzino, vice president of the Italian Composting Consortium and professor Federico Valerio of the Tumour Institute of Genoa.
- future strategies ‘zero refuse’ voted in the maxi-amendment of the Finance law (art. 1111). In the next few years different objectives of differentiated collection must be met or the territorial management consortiums are to be put under administration.

No let up! RESET. To avoid little games, let’s send an email to the employees Prodi, Bersani, Pecoraro, Letta, and Sircana with a copy to the responsible people in the European Community so that the incinerators of waste and the generating stations fuelled by fossils fuels are not financed using our money. Let’s give a Christmas present to ourselves and to our children.

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 11:57 AM in Energy | Comments (2)
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December 19, 2006

Italy on coal

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At Porto Tolle someone is fighting for us. It’s Greenpeace. The government of incinerators and the TAV has got stuck at the end of the nineteenth century, with the progressives and the sun of the future. And with coal. The Greens haven’t arrived. You have to understand them. They are green and red. Green-dioxin-DS people. Pecoraro, lift up your voice for once in your green life! Say something green!
I’m publishing a communication from Greenpeace about Porto Tolle. You won’t find it in those newspapers that are financed by Enel advertising. That’s practically all of them.
Look at the photos and the video.

“Have climbed up to 250 metres since last night. A team of Greenpeace climbers are in action at the Porto Tolle generating station in the province of Rovigo to protest against the return of coal promoted by the government.
A few climbers are now on the chimney and they are creating gigantic lettering, while others are on the roof of the building where they have positioned a gigantic display saying: ‘Enel clima killer’ {ENEL climate killer}.
The Porto Tolle generating station according to the ENEL project is currently in the authorization phase, so that it can be converted to coal with an output potential of 980 Megawatts and CO2 emissions of more than 10 million tons a year.
Furthermore, the plant is in a natural park that has been defined by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
The deltas of the great rivers are environments that enjoy special protection in the whole world. However, in Italy the area sees the presence of this old generating station fuelled by oil which is a source of severe pollution to such an extent that the top managers of Enel were convicted.
The uncomfortable truth is that the return to coal will not make us meet the objectives of reducing the emissions of greenhouse gases. The agreement between the Ministry of Economic Development and the Ministry of the Environment arranges for a limit on emissions that are in excess of European guidelines: a total of 209 million tons instead of 186.
There is no place for the Civitavecchia generating station or for the one at Porto Tolle. The European Commission must cut the proposal of the National Allocation Plan for Italy.
Today coal accounts for 17% of national electricity production and it is responsible for the emissions of more than 40 million tons of CO2. With the expansion projects of Enel, Endesa, Tirreno Power and others, these emissions are destined to double.
Coal is the combustion fuel with the highest emissions specifically of CO2, more than double that of natural gas.
The political programme of the Unione indicates objectives for the development of renewable sources and for energy efficiency. But at the moment, in the government’s action, there is no trace of that.
We ask for the fixing of constraining objectives that are coherent with the commitments taken at an international level.”

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 03:57 PM in Energy | Comments (7)
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December 02, 2006

RESET Incinerators!

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On April 10, the employee Romano Prodi was asked to abolish the financing of refuse incinerators and electricity generation based on fossil fuels (coal, oil, by-products of oil refining) through item A3 of our Enel utility bills.
Only in Italy, are these considered to be sources of renewable (and similar) energy and thus have a contribution that should go to the true renewables: solar, wind, water. Even though forbidden by the European Union, and Italy is subject to an infraction procedure.
It should be remembered that the employee Prodi whose Energy leader Loyola De Palacio said on 20.11.2003: “the non-biodegradable fraction of the refuse cannot be considered to be a source of renewable energy”.
The finance goes to the usual well-known ones. To the multi-utilities with incinerators, to Api with its generating stations at Falconara and then to Edison, EniPower, Enel etc. Burning off the by-products of oil refining at Sarroch (Cagliari) and Priolo Gargallo (Siracusa), Moratti and Garrone pay for the acquisitions by Inter and Sampdoria even with the electricity bills of Milan and Genoa fans. Where is the football fairness?
Read the list of those who have benefited from Cip6 financing in 2006 and on the official site of the Authority dell’Energia {Energy Authority} the summaries for 2003-2004 with the percentages of the first 10 companies that have grabbed financing for similar sources and false renewables: we find: Asm Brescia, the multinational Fooster&Wheeler (that builds incinerators among other things), Sarlux (oil, Moratti family) Erg (oil, Garrone family), Edison (gasifiers), ApiEnergia… (oil) We’re talking about financing for about 3,100,000,000 Euro in 2005 (2,400,000,000 in 2004).
Apart from the Cip6, there’s the new frontier of 'Green Certificates' and it’s still them that benefits from them. With our money.
All this is happening to the detriment of the true renewables that are receiving only a minimal part of the funds. These tumour machines are still in existence because we are financing them using a mechanism that is considered illegal by the European Union. We are financing them with the electricity bills.
We are paying for renewables and we are creating tumour-factories. The investors on the Stock Exchange want more and more incinerators, gasifiers “clean” generating stations fuelled by coal.
They are pre-booking places in the other world for all of us and meanwhile they are enjoying being capitalists with our money.
In Parliament there are those who are trying to abolish this “drugged” mechanism of the Cip6- Certificati Verdi, but the transverse lobby is resisting. From AN to DS passing by Forza Italia, Margherita, Rosa nel Pugno, Udc.

Against this scandal a campaign called RESET Incinerators has started.

1 – To raise awareness about the damage caused by incinerators and on possible alternatives (Zero Refuse strategies, integrated systems with reduction at the source, differentiated collection at the door, ‘cold’ biological processing ) the Meetups in the whole of Italy are going into the streets in loads of Italy’s cities on Saturday 2 December. Go for it people!

2 - On the Internet there’s an online petition called 'RESET Incinerators'. It’s addressed to the European Commission and the Italian Government to ask for an end to financing of incinerators and similar sources.

3 - Buying the electronic microscope. It’s nearly there….

Let’s save our lives and the lives of our children! RESET!

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 01:43 AM in Energy | Comments (4)
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November 07, 2006

Another world of energy saving with API

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photo by: athoob

Life expectancy has gone down by 3 years in the Po Valley because of the PM 2.5. API has sprung into action straight away: it has decided to give us a luminous future with a Kyoto Box: two light bulbs and two gadgets for taps to reduce the CO2 pollution in the other world.
The Kyoto Box is also known as the “magic box” because of its occult powers. The API refinery has become the “Advanced Centre for Environmental Energy”, the advancement of the environment towards Hades.
The money that we pay with our ENEL energy bill at item A3 for “new plant for renewable sources and similar” has been assimilated to refineries and incinerators, to renew the planet starting from zero. With the money saved with the magic box we will however be able to repay the 60,000,000,000 Euro that the Italian pollution is costing us in terms of economic and social and health damages.
The magic box will be distributed to 1680 people who will be able to reserve for themselves a kingdom of illuminated dead. This Saturday in the Falconara building to thank API, we will come together with the Comitati di Falconara {Falconara groupings} and the Meetup people.

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 11:24 PM in Energy | Comments (13)
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October 08, 2006

Do It Yourself Energy

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photo from solivagant7

People at the moment are talking about the finance law. Of money to be taken from this or the other social group. To comment on the Budget law I need to give a full time job to a qualified accountant and publish tables, numbers percentages, and statistical and historical comparisons over a period of weeks.
Who remembers the Budget law of 1998 or the 1989 one? What did they mean for all of us? The finance law changes nothing in the country.
Someone will get the worst of it more than others. They will develop antibodies and will try to dodge taxes. That's it. The finance law is about finances and the country has seen too much about finance. Now we need the facts. The politicians will do nothing. They are old in spirit and in the use of language. Banker's language. It's up to us to do the Budget law or rather the Entrepreneurial law. A do it yourself Entrepeurial law.
Let's take as an example the village of Berlingo. Let's clone it for all the other villages.

"Having noticed your interest in environmental and energy matters, I'd like to tell you about an intervention happening in the village of Berlingo (BS) where the authorities have recently approved a project to be constructed by next year: it is a combined photovoltaic-geothermic plant that will provide electrical energy and heating to the new educational complex (nursery and elementary school) currently under construction and to the sports centre that is already built.
For a village like ours (2200 inhabitants), this is a massive project and can go ahead thanks to the contribution of an energy account from the GRTN {Gestore della Rete di Trasmissione Nazionale = National Transmission Network}.It produces zero emissions into the atmosphere and it makes these public buildings self sufficient in energy. It gives a drastic reduction, if it doesn't take them quite to zero, in future costs for managing electrical energy and heating.
It's worth pointing out that the education complex and the sports centre are on land in the centre of the village which up until the year 2000 was used for an unauthorized tip for dangerous refuse (lead and residue from batteries). It has now been completely cleaned up by totally removing the polluting material with the contribution of the Lombardy Region. Thus a site that was highly dangerous has become by a sort of reversal worthy of a story from Dante, a place that is highly significant for the safeguarding of the environment.
In 2005 our village started the operation of a solar energy heating unit for heating water in the sports centre and in 2006 a photovoltaic unit for the local authority.
It has started up a partnership with a social cooperative that is specialised in the sector of renewable energy and we have proposed to our residents last February to have a meeting about "energy accounts" promoting the installation of solar panels on private homes.
We want our initiative to be a stimulus showing how going beyond proclamations that are ends in themselves, even small realities like ours can create programmes of intervention that are significant and compatible with ecology. Thank you for your attention. Cordial greetings."
Dario Ciapetti - mayor of Berlingo

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 10:36 PM in Energy | Comments (15)
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September 20, 2006

ENI versus Planet Earth

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Scaroni has been to OPEC. He delivered a great speech in English. Before going to Vienna he took lessons from Totti. His accent wasn’t quite from Oxford but he put on a show as an Italian abroad. We should recognise that. I’m not upset and even though ENI sometimes blacks out this blog, I’ve decided to pick up on this. It’s useful for English lessons, better than Shenker, to be listened to in school, everything is understandable, he almost seems to be speaking in Italian.
For completeness I’m attaching the text and I’m giving a few sentences here with my comments.

The recoverable reserves of non conventional oil like heavy oils and natural bitumen amount to almost 5,000,000,000,000 Barrels, for a duration of more than 100 years.”
The emission of carbon dioxide and the release of polluting substances from the recoverable reserves will kill the planet in much less than 100 years.

“The growth in the demand at a global level is starting to slow down”. China? India? Brazil? Has no one spoken to Scaroni?

“As regards refineries, there is good reason to be optimistic. According to the estimates, primary refinery capacity will grow by 9.0 mb/d {millions of barrels per day} between 2006 and 2011……

Technology and advanced competences are essential for increasing the recovery of petrol, to save the oil deposits from decline, to refine heavy and non conventional oils.”
I’m not so optimistic. The planet is not so optimistic.

Technology must be made to serve research, not the refineries.

“Such a high price of oil offers us the opportunity to invest in the future.”
But if Scaroni is right and the demand is going down, why are the prices going up? With the “pizzo” on oil why do we have to finance the extraction of more oil rather than renewable energy?

Pecoraro, Bertinotti, Di Pietro, Prodi, Fassino, and even you lot in opposition, where the f..k are you hiding? The future of our children is at stake, not the balance sheet of ENI and its dividends. What stories will you tell them tomorrow? That Scaroni was an accident on the road and that you didn’t know anything?

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 10:25 AM in Energy | Comments (14)
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September 01, 2006

Tarcisio Bertone and the here and now

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On 16 August I published the post ‘Idleness is Revolutionary’ with: “This madness is the love of work, the existential passion for work, driven even to the exhaustion of the vital forces of the individual and of his progeny.” Pope Benedict XVI at the Angelus on 19 August affirmed that is necessary to “be aware of the dangers of excess activity, whatever the condition and the office that one holds, because multi-tasking often leads to hardness of heart.”

On 8 August I published the post 'No Oil, no war’ in which I wrote: “Alternative energies are now obligatory. This is the true emergency.” On 29 August, Tarcisio Bertone, the Archbishop of Genoa and soon to be Secretary of State declared: “We depend almost exclusively on one single source of energy: oil. We must find alternative sources.” And “Beppe Grillo, in his small way is an example that we can follow”. In my small way I’m really getting big-headed. In this mechanism, I can’t see who is the cause and who is the effect. But some kind of royalty, 5 per thousand, the Vatican should give me. Tarcisio Bertone is a man of the Church who is engaged with the here and now as well as the after-life. Of the beauty of this world and of alternative energy. A man like that I see as a sign that things can change. The Church, even with its limits and its dogmas seem more advanced than Italian society.

The myths of work for its own sake, of infinite resources, of consumerism, of ownership, of money are (dare I say it?) evil. Certainly in the here and now. For the after-life I don’t know, but I’ll ask Tarcisio Bertone if he wants to meet up with me and some experts in alternative energy. I would like to convince him to adopt them and to start to give a good example, and making savings, in the City of the Vatican and in buildings of the Church (hospitals, care homes etc. )
I invite Italian politicians, who have named Pope John Paul II so much in connection with the pardon, to also report the words of Tarcisio Bertone.

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 05:38 PM in Energy | Comments (55)
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August 08, 2006

No oil no war

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A fact in itself is only a fact. It’s difficult to understand the reason for it. However a collection of facts can be interpreted. And a mass of facts lasting decades is still more understandable. The wars in the Middle East continue without a break. Their fuel is called petrol. It’s a fuel that is not renewable. 50% of it has already gone. A part of the remaining 50% has very high extraction costs. When the demand increases, India and China, and the offer decreases, the price increases.

And when there’s not oil for everyone, the strongest, those who are more armed, want to have it for themselves. Oil is called Persian Gulf. The world war for oil is going on and it will finish when the oil supply has run out. How long will it take? Twenty, thirty years?

In the meantime, there will always be less available and the international tension will increase. The economies of industrialised nations are based on oil. Who controls the exporting countries guarantees the growth of their economy. Who doesn’t control them will implode. Who will this be? China, India, Europe?

Of those countries in the Persian Gulf who are not under the dominion of the United States, there’s Syria and Iran who has decided to sell its oil in Euro and petrol-euros frighten the Americans more then Bin Laden. Iraq is at war. The Lebanon is at war. Saudi Arabia and Kuwait are under the protection of the Americans.
To get an end to the war, it’s necessary to fight the oil. The oil companies. Their interests that are fused with those of the arms manufacturers.

Alternative energies are now obligatory. This is the true emergency.
No oil, no war.

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 09:49 AM in Energy | Comments (28)
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April 23, 2006

Nostalgia for Chernobyl

A conference was organised by Greenpeace, Legambiente and WWF in Rome on 19 April to mark 20 years since the Chernobyl tragedy. It aimed to examine the real costs and the current situation of nuclear energy.

According to the International Energy Agency (IEA) nuclear energy contributes only 6.5% of primary energy and it is forecast to fall to 4.5% by the year 2030.
Nuclear energy is the most costly energy source and it needs the most support from the State.

According to the United States Department of Energy (DOE) the cost of 1 KWh of electrical energy costs 6.13cent/$ from gas 4.96 cent/$, from coal 5.34 cent/$, from wind power 5.05 cent/$.
Similar results are presented by researchers at Chicago University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology. These figures are underestimates because they do not include the costs of decommissioning the plant and the long term management of the waste products.

A false myth about nuclear energy is the abundance of uranium in nature. It is true that its presence is widespread, but it is normally found in infinitesimal quantities, so tiny as to not be practically usable. Reserves of uranium that can be extracted commercially could last for a period of about a century if consumption levels are kept at those for 2000. If we were to substitute nuclear fuel for all the fossil fuel to produce electricity that would need thousands of nuclear power stations and the consequent using up of reserves of uranium in just a few years.
And finally, not even nuclear power is exempt from carbon dioxide emissions. Just think of the fossil energy needed to construct the power stations, to extract, transport and enrich the uranium, to manage the waste products, and to dismantle the power stations at the end of their useful lives. Investing in nuclear power means wasting public and private resources whilst damaging the development of renewable sources and hindering technologies that increase energy efficiency.

But some people never stop thinking about it. Those with nostalgia for Chernobyl, never give up. Among these are Scaroni’s Enel that bought Slovenske Elektrarne and thus finally came back to nuclear when the second reactor at Mochovce was made operational.

From 1990 to 2005, the Austrians were trying to close down the first reactor and they even vetoed the entry of Slovakia into the European Union (Mochovce is only 100 km from Vienna).

The Austrian government installed scores of wind turbines on the border with Slovakia very visible to the naked eye, even as a sign of protest.

I propose that the Italian government installs a few wind turbines in front of the Rome HQ of Enel. Perhaps they have never seen any.

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 02:47 AM in Energy | Comments (8)
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April 21, 2006

Pay for renewables, buy exhaust fumes




Seven months after the launch of the Energy Account I’m having a look to see what has happened.


The law was received by Italians with great enthusiasm: 25,000 requests have been received by GRTN {Gestore della Rete di Trasmissione Nazionale = Energy Network} for a total of about 900 MWp. And it is estimated that 19,000 of these are without errors and represent a total of about 700 MWp. A similar photovoltaic capacity could generate electrical energy that would be produced by a thermo-electric generating station of about 140MW!
Unfortunately, the update to the law that came into force at the beginning of February put a limit of 85 MWp/year for requests arriving after the first of Mach. This is equal to a tenth of the power installed in Germany in 2005. Thus many requests will not be satisfied.

It seems that the reason for the limit is the excessive cost if too many photovoltaic systems are installed. In fact, the financial resources for the Energy Account arrive from the tariff A3 component. This is shown on our energy bills with the wording “Costruzione impianti fonti rinnovabili” {construction of renewable energy plant}.
Thus on an electricity bill of say, 936 Euro we are paying 34 Euro (3.6% of the total) to finance renewable Italian sources. In reality only about 20% (less than 7 Euro) goes to renewable sources. The other 27 Euro pay for electrical energy produced by generating stations fuelled by sources defined as “assimilated” (defined by GRTN): “those in cogeneration: those that use resulting heat, exhaust fumes, and other forms of energy that can be recovered in processes and in structures; those that use the by-products of production and/or of processes and those that use fossil fuels produced only from minor, isolated deposits.”


How many Italians know that from 1992 to the present we have paid (out of our own pockets) about 30,000,000,000 Euro (thus equal to 2 important budget packages) that according to what is written on our electricity bills should be going to the “construction of renewable energy plant”?
In the end only about 6 of those 30 billion Euro are being used for clean energy (mainly hydroelectric).

A good portion of the other 24 billion has instead gone to fill out the coffers of well known oil companies that were burning off (and still do burn off) the by-products of their production (that is also the most polluting part) to produce electrical energy. And still today they write on our electricity bills that that money is going to support renewable sources instead of the oil companies.



Doesn’t it seem a great cheek? The interests of the great  (and rich) energy groups are more important than the majority of Italians who have shown their wish to develop truly renewable sources.

Among the first actions the new government must take is to remove the limit of 85 MWp/year and above all it must stop the money collected from “construction of renewable energy plant” going to sources that are assimilated and in co-generation. This situation reduces investments and employment in a sector of environmental protection that has enormous potential for development. As well as that, it increases our electricity import bill.



At a conference last February our neo-employee Romano Prodi said: “as a minimum, we must reach the levels for photovoltaics as installed in Germany” Now it’s the moment to respect promises. Get moving Prodi, get moving…

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 09:54 AM in Energy | Comments (14)
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April 11, 2006

Get moving Prodi, starting now...

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The Unione has won. After a sober glass of spumante we ask our employee Romano Prodi to start work straight away from tomorrow morning beginning with the incinerators. Get moving Prodi.

Dear President of the Council, Romano Prodi,

The production of energy by incinerating refuse, happening in the face of protests in Europe today, is strongly supported by State money because it benefits improperly from the so-called Cip 6 designed to benefit “renewable resources”. We pay for this in our electricity bills. Without Cip 6, the production of energy from refuse would have no economic advantage with respect to renewable sources.

The same European Commission, led by yourself in 2003 with the EU Commissioner for Transport and Energy, Loyola De Palacio, in reply to a question from the European MP Monica Frassoni, on 20.11.2003 (reply E-2935/03IT) repeated the “no” of the EU to the extension of the regime of European support to developing renewable energy sources according to the Directive 2001/77, to the incineration of the non biodegradable parts of refuse. The following is the text of the statement of the Energy Commissioner in 2003: “The Commission confirms that, according to the definition of article 2, letter b) of the directive 2001/77/CE of the  European Parliament and of the Council, of  27 September 2001, the promotion of electrical energy produced from renewable sources in the internal electricity market, the non-biodegradable fraction of the refuse cannot be considered a source of renewable energy.”

A study carried out by the Bocconi University in 2005 demonstrated that the cost of 1 MWh produced by a medium sized hydro electric power station is equal to 66 Euro and this goes down to 63 Euro if the energy is produced using wind power. It goes up to 121 Euro if produced from Biomass and arrives at 280 Euro if from photovoltaics. Incineration of solid urban refuse with the “recuperation of energy” without considering the cost of management and the handling of the refuse and the damage to human health caused by the nano particles, before it arrives at the incinerator is 228 Euro per MWh.

This means that if the Cip 6, that we pay for through our Enel bills, were to go to sources that are truly renewable, in Italy it would be cheaper to go for solar power rather than for incinerators.

If State funding were to go to truly renewable sources and not to refuse, the production of electricity from the so-called CDR {Combustibile da rifiuti or Combustible from Refuse} and using incinerators that are improperly termed only in Italy "Termovalorizzatori" {Heat Extractors} would have no economic advantage.  They would not be attractive to the citizens nor to the companies that choose to produce energy through this system and to get rid of refuse using incineration.

Furthermore, the incinerators especially the new generation ones, as demonstrated by the research carried out by dottor Stefano Montanari and dottoressa Antonietta Gatti produce really dangerous inorganic nanoparticles (Pm 2.5 to Pm 0.01) that penetrate into the blood and from there are distributed to the organs of the human body where they form deposits and cause serious illnesses like cancer. These are the so-called nanopathologies.

These nanodusts are created at the very high temperatures that are generated. A story already seen in the Enel generating station using oil at Porto Tolle (where Tatò, Scaroni and Enel were condemned and ordered to pay out 3 million Euro in compensation). This was also seen in those coming back from Kosovo and Iraq (the so-called “Gulf Syndrome” caused by depleted uranium missiles or by tungsten). It was seen in the collapse of the Twin Towers in New York and in the industrial zones. Even some antiparticulate filters are suspected of producing the dangerous nanoparticles.

As the first action of your Government we therefore ask you to:

- respect European directives to immediately abolish financing  of the incineration of refuse as it is not a renewable source of energy. As in other countries of Europe, the incineration of refuse should be taxed and according to us should be forbidden.

- abolish the “Delegation Law” on the environment established by the Berlusconi Government which among other things, provides for an incinerator in every Province as well as the elimination of many controls and ways of protecting the environment and thus of protecting health.

- be decisive about the management of the whole cycle of refuse management. Reduce the source of refuse by taxing those who produce more packaging. Give incentives to those who encourage reuse and work towards the reduction of refuse, and the differentiated collection. Make this obligatory in the whole of Italy as it is in Germany. For handling residual waste, use modern systems of “cold” biological treatments that is without incineration as has already been experimented in other parts of Europe as well as in Sydney in Australia. As well as not producing nanoparticles, they cost about 75% less than the incineration plants.

- give legal recognition to the danger of nanoparticles (Pm 2.5 to Pm 0.01) as various researchers have been asking the Commission of the European Parliament to do.

We want change. For now, we trust you.

Beppe Grillo and the  bloggers

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 11:26 AM in Energy | Comments (38)
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February 11, 2006

The Enchantment of the Incinerators

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Yesterday evening I was in Trento to talk about the incinerator together with experts like Bettini, Fasullo, Montanari, Zecca and Nervi.

I’ll say straight away that incinerators, called termovalorizzatori  {thermo-valuers} only in Italy, the nth word enchantment, are of no use; that they are an invention of 40 years ago; that for every kilo of material burned, a third of the output becomes ash, toxic dangerous refuse; that it doesn’t allow us to save energy, but the contrary and therefore they are not worthwhile; that Italy is the only country that finances incinerators with public money; that the higher the temperature reached, the more the ash is fine, poisonous and cancer-inducing; that the use of the selected collection of refuse makes them useless; that the reuse of containers like glass and plastic bottles makes them useless; that an ecology tax could be added to single-use containers, paid by the producers; that we need to reduce consumption; that we need to increase the production of energy from  renewable  sources; that the first nations, like Germany, that constructed incinerators are now decommissioning them; that the production of energy is to be de-localised.

Incinerators would not stand up economically, they would not exist, if they were not financed by the State that hands over 180 lire for every kwh {kilowatt-hour} produced as they are treated like renewable energy sources.

Those who say no to incinerators, those who don’t associate them with the idea of progress are classed by the media as the “no” people.

And after that, in the ranks of the “no global”, of the confrontationalists, of the anarcho-insurrectionalists (a term used 100 times a day by the employee Pisanu).

And they are right.

In fact today, the citizens, if correctly informed become noglobalconfrontationalistsinsurrectionalists and they are proud to be so.

And they don’t want incinerators under their feet.


Posted by Beppe Grillo at 01:50 AM in Energy | Comments (5)
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January 27, 2006

Clean energy, dirty information

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The proofreaders of once upon a time have disappeared.

Have you noticed?

Newspapers contain typing errors, imprecise information and spelling mistakes. You need to understand these editors, these journalists.

They work every day, even holidays, to keep us informed. We cannot really expect precision.
This even happens with the surveys. They ask a question while thinking of another one, the opposite. And when they realise, it’s too late, the newspaper is already in print. Today’s Repubblica worried about the gas emergency, consults the citizens with a survey using SMS to be paid for at 0.3098 euro TIM, 0.30 euro Vodafone and Wind, including sales tax.
The first question needs careful reflection:

”Is it right to focus on energy saving on the part of families and companies?”

And after the first question, that naturally encourages us to save, we pass to number two:
”Should we opt for alternative sources, including nuclear?”

The error is only in this word: “including”.

But it’s clear that they wanted to say: “excluding” , they know that nuclear is not an alternative energy.
Or perhaps not? Is that question the attempt at tripping us up, to make the Italians pay for the privilege of saying that they want nuclear?
At this point, I’d add a third question, to the survey, just so that the motives are clear:

”Is it highly likely that the editorial group of l’Espresso has interests connected to nuclear energy that it considers alternative to the alternative energies?”


First PS: Yesterday my 2006 tour called "Incantesimi" (Enchantments) started.

Second PS: Today the blog celebrates its first birthday. The first comment came from my next door neighbour. Today we’re a few more. Thank you everyone.

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 12:42 AM in Energy | Comments (7)
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October 07, 2005

Future Energy Source: Coal

In an article in La Repubblica 27 April 2005, Vittorio Mincato, the CEO of ENI {Italian conglomerate} supported the idea of natural gas as a source of energy to feed the electricity generating stations. In reply to the proposal of Paolo Scaroni, CEO of ENEL {State Electricity company} to use coal as an energy source, Mincato said: The main road to follow to meet the limits set down by the Kyoto agreement … is the substitution of coal and oil with natural gas” … “Every time this topic is discussed people claim it’s scandalous, but natural gas is the only way ahead. It isn’t the way defined by politics or by opinion, but it’s the way that physics teaches us: for the same energy produced by gas, there’s a lower level of CO2 emitted into the atmosphere. “

Those who support coal, state that it is the most economical fuel (defined by whom?) and that the cost of electrical energy in Italy is the highest in Europe. And yet it doesn’t look like that if we look at the chart shown here. In this, Italy comes after Portugal, Austria, Germany, the Netherlands and Denmark.

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Source: International Energy Agency

Every year 10 thousand Chinese people die each year extracting coal. (Is this why it is so economical?) And by burning it in our electricity generating stations gives us an increase in the emissions of carbon dioxide and prevents us from meeting the requirements of the Kyoto Protocol: we have to pay enormous fines through our taxes as opposed to paying through the electricity bills (which would be fairer)

The Italian State, that is us, is paying really high prices for “emissions trading” with States that pollute less, so that we can pollute more.

What hasn’t been mentioned is that in fact it wouldn’t be necessary to have new electricity generating stations, if serious energy saving policies were put in place. By using alternative sources of energy (wind, solar, biomass etc) and with energy-saving technology for end-users we could save 45% of our energy consumption.

Posted by Beppe Grillo at 01:34 PM in Energy | Comments (11)
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